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Action Research Proposal Template: A Comprehensive Guide + Free Template Download + How to Write it

Action research proposal template: a guide for real-world problem solving.

As a researcher dedicated to making a real impact in the world, I understand the importance of developing an action research proposal that goes beyond the standard academic proposal . Action research is a powerful tool for bringing about meaningful change in a specific context, and a well-crafted proposal is essential for ensuring that the research is both rigorous and relevant to the needs of the community or organization being studied. This article will provide a comprehensive guide to creating an action research proposal template, outlining the key components and considerations that set it apart from a traditional research proposal . Whether you are a student, practitioner, or academic, understanding the unique elements of an action research proposal will enable you to approach your research projects with a focus on real-world problem solving and positive change.

Action Research Proposal Template

The Effectiveness of Implementing Technology in a Mathematics Classroom

Background and Introduction:

In this section, provide a brief overview of the research problem and context. Discuss the rationale for conducting the action research and provide a clear statement of the research question or objective.

The incorporation of technology in educational settings has become increasingly prevalent in recent years. However, the effectiveness of using technology in mathematics classrooms is still a subject of debate. This action research aims to investigate the impact of implementing technology on students’ mathematical abilities and engagement in a middle school classroom.

Research Goals and Objectives:

Clearly outline the specific goals and objectives of the action research. What do you hope to achieve through this study? What are the intended outcomes?

The primary goal of this action research is to analyze the impact of technology integration on students’ mathematical performance and attitudes towards the subject. The objectives include assessing changes in students’ test scores, observing their engagement during technology-enhanced lessons, and gathering feedback from both students and teachers about their experiences with technology in the classroom.

Research Methodology:

Detail the research methodology that will be used to conduct the action research. This includes a description of the participants, data collection methods , and data analysis techniques .

The action research will be conducted in a 7th-grade mathematics classroom with a total of 30 students. Data will be collected through pre- and post-assessments, classroom observations, and student and teacher interviews. Quantitative data will be analyzed using statistical methods, while qualitative data will be subjected to thematic analysis to identify recurring patterns and themes.

Action Plan:

Provide a timeline and action plan for implementing the research. How will the data collection and analysis be carried out? What are the key milestones and deadlines?

The action research will be carried out over the course of 10 weeks. Week 1-2 will involve pre-assessments and the introduction of technology integration into the classroom. Weeks 3-8 will focus on implementing technology-enhanced lessons and collecting data through observations and student feedback. Weeks 9-10 will be dedicated to post-assessments and data analysis .

Expected Outcomes and Impact:

Discuss the anticipated outcomes of the action research and the potential impact on the educational setting. How will the findings contribute to the existing knowledge in the field?

It is expected that the findings of this action research will demonstrate the positive impact of technology integration on students’ mathematical performance and engagement. The results will provide valuable insights for educators and policymakers on the effectiveness of using technology in mathematics classrooms, potentially influencing future curriculum and instructional design decisions.

Budget and Resources:

Outline the budget and resources required to conduct the action research. This may include costs for technology equipment, data collection materials, and personnel.

The action research will require funding for the purchase of tablets or laptops for the classroom, as well as printing materials for assessments and consent forms. Additionally, there may be personnel costs for hiring a research assistant to aid in data collection and analysis.


Summarize the key points of the action research proposal and reiterate the significance of the study . Emphasize the potential benefits of conducting the research and the importance of addressing the research question or objective.


List all of the references cited in the action research proposal using the appropriate citation style (e.g., APA, MLA). This section demonstrates the scholarly foundation of the proposed research.

My advice on using the Action Research Proposal Template:

When using this template, be sure to customize it to fit the specific context and goals of your action research. Tailor the examples and language to your own research topic and consider seeking feedback from peers or mentors to ensure the proposal is clear and comprehensive. Pay close attention to the research methodology and action plan, as these sections will guide the implementation and data collection process. Lastly, be diligent in your budget and resource planning to ensure the successful execution of the action research.

Download free Action Research Proposal Template in Word DocX, Powerpoint PPTX, and PDF. We included Action Research Proposal Template examples as well.

Download Free Action Research Proposal Template PDF and Examples Download Free Action Research Proposal Template Word Document

Download Free Action Research Proposal Template Powerpoint

Action Research Proposal Template FAQ

1. what is an action research proposal.

An action research proposal is a document that outlines the plan for an action research project . It includes the background of the issue, the purpose of the research, the research questions , the methodology, and the expected outcomes .

2. What should be included in an action research proposal?

An action research proposal should include an introduction to the research problem, a literature review , the research questions , the methodology, the timeline for the project, the expected outcomes , and a brief discussion of how the research will be implemented and evaluated.

3. How long should an action research proposal be?

An action research proposal should typically be around 5-10 pages long, including all necessary components such as the background, literature review , methodology, and expected outcomes.

4. What is the purpose of an action research proposal?

The purpose of an action research proposal is to outline the plan for conducting an action research project, including the steps to be taken, the goals to be achieved, and the expected impact of the research.

5. Can an action research proposal be modified during the course of the research?

Yes, an action research proposal can be modified as the research progresses and new information becomes available. It is important to be flexible and willing to make changes as needed to ensure the success of the research project.

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Sample Action Research Proposal

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An action proposal.

Related Papers

Andrew Johnson

This chapter excerpt describes the salient elements and basic process of action research.

sample action research project proposal

Abstract Recent action research books are reviewed. I give attention to books on appreciative inquiry, action science, systems approaches and action learning. Community, health, education and organizational applications are included. Major action research journals are noted.

Margie Comrie

Action Research

In this, the third in a series of two-yearly reviews (see also Dick, 2004, and Dick, 2006), I identify some of the action research literature that has appeared in books and edited collections over approximately the past two years. After an overview of the general action research literature I gather together other relevant literature under the following headings: action learning; community-based participatory research; youth work; educational action research; appreciative inquiry; and action science. I conclude the review with a very brief look at action research journals and special issues, other literature of interest, and an attempt to divine present and emergent trends.

Beata Jałocha


Action research is a type of research related to one’s professional practice. In the field of education, it can be defined as the process of studying a school, classroom, or teaching-learning situation with the purpose of understanding and improving the quality of actions or instruction. In this sense, it is the ultimate form of teacher reflection. Described in this chapter expert are the basic elements and the steps of action research.

Administrative Science Quarterly

Gerald Susman

Abstract This review of recent action research books covers the period from about mid-2004 to mid-2006, complementing an earlier review (Dick, 2004). After noting some important recent additions to the action research literature, I address the literature on several different applications of action research including education, community, participatory development, and organizations. There are briefer sections on other topics. Action research journals and special issues of other journals are also identified.

Kenneth Zeichner


Publicio: Jurnal Ilmiah Politik, Kebijakan dan Sosial

Husni Mubaroq

Angewandte Chemie

Takashi Karatsu

Locus: Revista de História

Cristiano Barreto

Radiologia Brasileira

Aderson Berezowski

Cell biology international reports

The Indian journal of animal sciences

Kannan Thandavan Arthanari

Necmettin Öztürk

Educação & Sociedade

Myriam Feldfeber

Renato Ferreira da Silva

Revista de Estudios para el Desarrollo Social de la Comunicación

César Curtis

Lecture Notes in Computer Science

Cristina Sylla

Nature Climate Change

rollan geronimo

European Journal of Organic Chemistry

andrea pace

O. Carneiro

Boris Fainberg

Miroslav Macura

Gérontologie et société

Jean-Paul Deremble

Nanochemistry Research

Nanochemistry Research (NCR)

Rauno Sairinen

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Amanda Grimm


Bernet Elzinga

Jose Carlos Rodrigo Herrera


Alexandra Coţofană

Waseda毕业证文凭早稻田大学本科毕业证书 日本学历学位认证如何办理

Lucia Bramante

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Action Research Proposal

Action Research Proposal Examples

Being able to start the processes of research require a researcher to undergo several screening and assessment procedures. Hence, it is not only the execution of  how to develop grant proposal ,  conference proposal examples & samples  and other business proposal examples that needed a process guide. Proposals used in the academic and educational fields need one too. One of the initial tasks of a researcher is to come up with an action research proposal. This document should be developed in a strong and effective manner to ensure that the research proposal will be approved.

  • 56+ Proposal Examples
  • 65+ Free Proposal Examples

As one of the first documents that are necessary to be prepared, it is important for an action research proposal to convince the screening committee that the research proposal can benefit the community and other entities to whom the study is for. Use  simple proposal formats  when making action research proposals so you can ensure that your target audience can easily understand the content of the document.

Participatory Proposal

participatory proposal

Size: 215 KB

Educational Action Research Sample Proposal

educational action research sample proposal

Size: 63 KB

Classroom Action Research

classroom action research

Size: 69 KB

How to Create an Outstanding Action Research Proposal

Just like when developing  business proposal examples & samples , you have to devote a lot of time and effort when making an action research proposal. This document can make or break the chances of your research to push through. A few ways on how you can make an impressive action research proposal include the following:

1. Ensure that you can present your awareness with the problem at hand. This can make your action research proposal more convincing especially if you can point out the root cause of the problem and how your research proposal can be of help should it be executed. This is also applicable when following the steps on  how to prepare a need statement for your grant proposal .

2. List down the precise methods that you will use within the entirety of the research activities. This will allow your action research proposal to look more through and well-prepared.

3. Present current literature and  research proposal examples & samples  that can serve as one of your research’s foundation. Having significant information and guides related to the research that you would like to immerse in can help the screening committee when it comes to identifying the success potential of your research proposal.

Project Proposal Example

project proposal example

Size: 292 KB

Proposal for Teachers

proposal for teachers1

Size: 175 KB

Dissertation Proposal

dissertation proposal

Size: 17 KB

Elements of an Effective and Convincing Action Research Proposal

There are different ways on how an action research proposal can be developed and presented. A basic outline that will allow you to showcase the necessary items that should be seen in an action research proposal include these elements:

1. Just like when developing  project proposal examples , have an introduction that can present the problem that you would like to provide a solution with. Presenting this at the initial discussion of your action research proposal can convince the screening committee to further look into the content of the paper.

2. Present supporting details that can give an idea on how big the problem is. These items can make the need for your research proposal more necessary. Unlike the processes on  how to write a request for proposal , the steps in developing an action research proposal relies more on your own desire to present something necessary and research-worthy to be discussed rather than from a demand coming from a particular entity.

3. Come up with a list of literature review that you can briefly discuss. Having a literature review can solidify your claims that your research is essential to be developed and executed.You may also see  how to write a proposal for a project

4. Discuss the entities who are expected to be included in your study.These entities will serve as some of the variables that your research will take into account. Remember that it is not only in  service proposal examples  where the description of individual or group participation matter.

5. Present the ways and methods on how you plan to execute the research. You can also include a short presentation of your research results assessment.You may also see business proposal letters .

Education Proposal Example

education proposal example

Size: 199 KB

Action Research Proposal Format

action research proposal format

Size: 73 KB

Tips When Making an Action Research Proposal

If you already know how to make an event planning service proposal , then you may be interested to broaden your knowledge when it comes to proposal development. If you are one of those who would like to have an understanding with how action research proposals are effectively made, then this discussion is for you. Here are some useful tips that can help you create an action research proposal that has higher chances of getting approved:

1. Be specific with the aspect of the problem that you would like to further study, evaluate or investigate. It is important for you to be precise with what you would like to give focus on so that the entire research activity will be guided accordingly. The same goes with  landscaping proposal examples & samples  as you have to specify the landscaping activity that will be specifically implemented within a particular area should the proposal be approved.

2. Properly present the initial data that you have collected. The way you organize and showcase the foundation of your action research proposal can affect the impression and perception of the screening committee towards your research proposal.You may also see  commercial proposal

3. Use Free Proposal Examples & Samples as your guides. Having references when making an action research proposal can make it easier for you to come up with your own document. This will also help you properly format and put together all the content that you want to present in your action research proposal.You may also see  policy proposal examples

Simple Action Research Proposal

simple action research proposal

Size: 106 KB

Course Project Action Research Proposal

course project action research proposal

Size: 25 KB

Do You Want to Have an Attention-Grabbing Action Research Proposal?

When creating an action research proposal, make sure that you are aware of what you are discussing.  Workshop Proposal ,  Accounting Proposal  and  Concept Proposal Examples & Samples  also need to be treated in the same manner. Some action research proposals fail to impress screening committees because of the researcher’s lack of understanding either with regards the problem needed to be faced or the research steps and activities that will be implemented.

Always remember that how you present an action research proposal reflect how you look into the research activity and its potential to be a success. With this, maximize the usage of our downloadable examples so you can develop an action research proposal that can impress your research screening committee.You may also see  investment proposal examples

sample action research project proposal

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  • What Is Action Research? | Definition & Examples

What Is Action Research? | Definition & Examples

Published on January 27, 2023 by Tegan George . Revised on January 12, 2024.

Action research Cycle

Table of contents

Types of action research, action research models, examples of action research, action research vs. traditional research, advantages and disadvantages of action research, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about action research.

There are 2 common types of action research: participatory action research and practical action research.

  • Participatory action research emphasizes that participants should be members of the community being studied, empowering those directly affected by outcomes of said research. In this method, participants are effectively co-researchers, with their lived experiences considered formative to the research process.
  • Practical action research focuses more on how research is conducted and is designed to address and solve specific issues.

Both types of action research are more focused on increasing the capacity and ability of future practitioners than contributing to a theoretical body of knowledge.

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Action research is often reflected in 3 action research models: operational (sometimes called technical), collaboration, and critical reflection.

  • Operational (or technical) action research is usually visualized like a spiral following a series of steps, such as “planning → acting → observing → reflecting.”
  • Collaboration action research is more community-based, focused on building a network of similar individuals (e.g., college professors in a given geographic area) and compiling learnings from iterated feedback cycles.
  • Critical reflection action research serves to contextualize systemic processes that are already ongoing (e.g., working retroactively to analyze existing school systems by questioning why certain practices were put into place and developed the way they did).

Action research is often used in fields like education because of its iterative and flexible style.

After the information was collected, the students were asked where they thought ramps or other accessibility measures would be best utilized, and the suggestions were sent to school administrators. Example: Practical action research Science teachers at your city’s high school have been witnessing a year-over-year decline in standardized test scores in chemistry. In seeking the source of this issue, they studied how concepts are taught in depth, focusing on the methods, tools, and approaches used by each teacher.

Action research differs sharply from other types of research in that it seeks to produce actionable processes over the course of the research rather than contributing to existing knowledge or drawing conclusions from datasets. In this way, action research is formative , not summative , and is conducted in an ongoing, iterative way.

As such, action research is different in purpose, context, and significance and is a good fit for those seeking to implement systemic change.

Action research comes with advantages and disadvantages.

  • Action research is highly adaptable , allowing researchers to mold their analysis to their individual needs and implement practical individual-level changes.
  • Action research provides an immediate and actionable path forward for solving entrenched issues, rather than suggesting complicated, longer-term solutions rooted in complex data.
  • Done correctly, action research can be very empowering , informing social change and allowing participants to effect that change in ways meaningful to their communities.


  • Due to their flexibility, action research studies are plagued by very limited generalizability  and are very difficult to replicate . They are often not considered theoretically rigorous due to the power the researcher holds in drawing conclusions.
  • Action research can be complicated to structure in an ethical manner . Participants may feel pressured to participate or to participate in a certain way.
  • Action research is at high risk for research biases such as selection bias , social desirability bias , or other types of cognitive biases .

If you want to know more about statistics , methodology , or research bias , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

  • Normal distribution
  • Degrees of freedom
  • Null hypothesis
  • Discourse analysis
  • Control groups
  • Mixed methods research
  • Non-probability sampling
  • Quantitative research
  • Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Research bias

  • Rosenthal effect
  • Implicit bias
  • Cognitive bias
  • Selection bias
  • Negativity bias
  • Status quo bias

Action research is conducted in order to solve a particular issue immediately, while case studies are often conducted over a longer period of time and focus more on observing and analyzing a particular ongoing phenomenon.

Action research is focused on solving a problem or informing individual and community-based knowledge in a way that impacts teaching, learning, and other related processes. It is less focused on contributing theoretical input, instead producing actionable input.

Action research is particularly popular with educators as a form of systematic inquiry because it prioritizes reflection and bridges the gap between theory and practice. Educators are able to simultaneously investigate an issue as they solve it, and the method is very iterative and flexible.

A cycle of inquiry is another name for action research . It is usually visualized in a spiral shape following a series of steps, such as “planning → acting → observing → reflecting.”

Sources in this article

We strongly encourage students to use sources in their work. You can cite our article (APA Style) or take a deep dive into the articles below.

George, T. (2024, January 12). What Is Action Research? | Definition & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved March 23, 2024, from
Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2017). Research methods in education (8th edition). Routledge.
Naughton, G. M. (2001).  Action research (1st edition). Routledge.

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Tegan George

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Research Proposal Example/Sample

Detailed Walkthrough + Free Proposal Template

If you’re getting started crafting your research proposal and are looking for a few examples of research proposals , you’ve come to the right place.

In this video, we walk you through two successful (approved) research proposals , one for a Master’s-level project, and one for a PhD-level dissertation. We also start off by unpacking our free research proposal template and discussing the four core sections of a research proposal, so that you have a clear understanding of the basics before diving into the actual proposals.

  • Research proposal example/sample – Master’s-level (PDF/Word)
  • Research proposal example/sample – PhD-level (PDF/Word)
  • Proposal template (Fully editable) 

If you’re working on a research proposal for a dissertation or thesis, you may also find the following useful:

  • Research Proposal Bootcamp : Learn how to write a research proposal as efficiently and effectively as possible
  • 1:1 Proposal Coaching : Get hands-on help with your research proposal

Free Webinar: How To Write A Research Proposal

FAQ: Research Proposal Example

Research proposal example: frequently asked questions, are the sample proposals real.

Yes. The proposals are real and were approved by the respective universities.

Can I copy one of these proposals for my own research?

As we discuss in the video, every research proposal will be slightly different, depending on the university’s unique requirements, as well as the nature of the research itself. Therefore, you’ll need to tailor your research proposal to suit your specific context.

You can learn more about the basics of writing a research proposal here .

How do I get the research proposal template?

You can access our free proposal template here .

Is the proposal template really free?

Yes. There is no cost for the proposal template and you are free to use it as a foundation for your research proposal.

Where can I learn more about proposal writing?

For self-directed learners, our Research Proposal Bootcamp is a great starting point.

For students that want hands-on guidance, our private coaching service is recommended.

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This post is an extract from our bestselling Udemy Course, Research Proposal Bootcamp . If you want to work smart, you don't want to miss this .

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How to Write An Action Research

How to Write An Action Research (Proposal)

Action research is a type of research that involves the systematic and reflective study of one’s own practice in order to improve it. It is a practical and collaborative approach to problem-solving that can be used by individuals or groups in various settings. In this guide on How to Write An Action Research , we will outline the steps to writing an action research paper.

Step 1: Select a Problem or Issue

The first step in writing an action research paper is to identify a problem or issue that you would like to address. The problem or issue should be relevant to your area of work or interest and should be specific and measurable. Once you have identified the problem or issue, you can begin to formulate a research question that will guide your inquiry.

Step 2: Review the Literature

The next step is to review the literature on the problem or issue you have identified. This will help you to understand what has been done in the past and what the current state of knowledge is. You should look for both academic and practical sources of information and use them to inform your research question.

Step 3: Develop a Research Plan

The third step is to develop a research plan. This should include a description of the problem or issue, the research question, the data collection methods, and the analysis plan. You should also identify any potential ethical considerations and address them in your plan.

Step 4: Collect Data

The fourth step is to collect data. This can be done through a variety of methods, such as surveys, interviews, observations, and document analysis. The data you collect should be relevant to your research question and should be analyzed using appropriate methods.

Step 5: Analyze the Data

The fifth step is to analyze the data you have collected. This can be done using both quantitative and qualitative methods, depending on the type of data you have collected. The analysis should be guided by your research question and should help you to identify patterns, trends, and relationships in the data.

Step 6: Reflect on the Findings

The sixth step is to reflect on the findings of your analysis. This involves thinking about what the data means in relation to your research question and how it can be used to address the problem or issue you identified at the beginning of the research process.

Step 7: Develop an Action Plan

The final step is to develop an action plan . This should outline the steps you will take to address the problem or issue you identified. The action plan should be based on the findings of your research and should be practical and achievable.

In conclusion, writing an action research paper requires a systematic and reflective approach to problem-solving. It involves identifying a problem or issue, reviewing the literature, developing a research plan, collecting and analyzing data, reflecting on findings, and developing an action plan.

By following these steps on How to Write An Action Research , you can use action research to improve your practice and make a positive impact in your field.

Jevannel is passionate about teaching and learning about anything. She loves to share her words with the world, hoping for readers to get something from her works. She specializes in Science Education and Research and she also writes poetry and many other things.

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17 Research Proposal Examples

research proposal example sections definition and purpose, explained below

A research proposal systematically and transparently outlines a proposed research project.

The purpose of a research proposal is to demonstrate a project’s viability and the researcher’s preparedness to conduct an academic study. It serves as a roadmap for the researcher.

The process holds value both externally (for accountability purposes and often as a requirement for a grant application) and intrinsic value (for helping the researcher to clarify the mechanics, purpose, and potential signficance of the study).

Key sections of a research proposal include: the title, abstract, introduction, literature review, research design and methods, timeline, budget, outcomes and implications, references, and appendix. Each is briefly explained below.

Watch my Guide: How to Write a Research Proposal

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Research Proposal Sample Structure

Title: The title should present a concise and descriptive statement that clearly conveys the core idea of the research projects. Make it as specific as possible. The reader should immediately be able to grasp the core idea of the intended research project. Often, the title is left too vague and does not help give an understanding of what exactly the study looks at.

Abstract: Abstracts are usually around 250-300 words and provide an overview of what is to follow – including the research problem , objectives, methods, expected outcomes, and significance of the study. Use it as a roadmap and ensure that, if the abstract is the only thing someone reads, they’ll get a good fly-by of what will be discussed in the peice.

Introduction: Introductions are all about contextualization. They often set the background information with a statement of the problem. At the end of the introduction, the reader should understand what the rationale for the study truly is. I like to see the research questions or hypotheses included in the introduction and I like to get a good understanding of what the significance of the research will be. It’s often easiest to write the introduction last

Literature Review: The literature review dives deep into the existing literature on the topic, demosntrating your thorough understanding of the existing literature including themes, strengths, weaknesses, and gaps in the literature. It serves both to demonstrate your knowledge of the field and, to demonstrate how the proposed study will fit alongside the literature on the topic. A good literature review concludes by clearly demonstrating how your research will contribute something new and innovative to the conversation in the literature.

Research Design and Methods: This section needs to clearly demonstrate how the data will be gathered and analyzed in a systematic and academically sound manner. Here, you need to demonstrate that the conclusions of your research will be both valid and reliable. Common points discussed in the research design and methods section include highlighting the research paradigm, methodologies, intended population or sample to be studied, data collection techniques, and data analysis procedures . Toward the end of this section, you are encouraged to also address ethical considerations and limitations of the research process , but also to explain why you chose your research design and how you are mitigating the identified risks and limitations.

Timeline: Provide an outline of the anticipated timeline for the study. Break it down into its various stages (including data collection, data analysis, and report writing). The goal of this section is firstly to establish a reasonable breakdown of steps for you to follow and secondly to demonstrate to the assessors that your project is practicable and feasible.

Budget: Estimate the costs associated with the research project and include evidence for your estimations. Typical costs include staffing costs, equipment, travel, and data collection tools. When applying for a scholarship, the budget should demonstrate that you are being responsible with your expensive and that your funding application is reasonable.

Expected Outcomes and Implications: A discussion of the anticipated findings or results of the research, as well as the potential contributions to the existing knowledge, theory, or practice in the field. This section should also address the potential impact of the research on relevant stakeholders and any broader implications for policy or practice.

References: A complete list of all the sources cited in the research proposal, formatted according to the required citation style. This demonstrates the researcher’s familiarity with the relevant literature and ensures proper attribution of ideas and information.

Appendices (if applicable): Any additional materials, such as questionnaires, interview guides, or consent forms, that provide further information or support for the research proposal. These materials should be included as appendices at the end of the document.

Research Proposal Examples

Research proposals often extend anywhere between 2,000 and 15,000 words in length. The following snippets are samples designed to briefly demonstrate what might be discussed in each section.

1. Education Studies Research Proposals

See some real sample pieces:

  • Assessment of the perceptions of teachers towards a new grading system
  • Does ICT use in secondary classrooms help or hinder student learning?
  • Digital technologies in focus project
  • Urban Middle School Teachers’ Experiences of the Implementation of
  • Restorative Justice Practices
  • Experiences of students of color in service learning

Consider this hypothetical education research proposal:

The Impact of Game-Based Learning on Student Engagement and Academic Performance in Middle School Mathematics

Abstract: The proposed study will explore multiplayer game-based learning techniques in middle school mathematics curricula and their effects on student engagement. The study aims to contribute to the current literature on game-based learning by examining the effects of multiplayer gaming in learning.

Introduction: Digital game-based learning has long been shunned within mathematics education for fears that it may distract students or lower the academic integrity of the classrooms. However, there is emerging evidence that digital games in math have emerging benefits not only for engagement but also academic skill development. Contributing to this discourse, this study seeks to explore the potential benefits of multiplayer digital game-based learning by examining its impact on middle school students’ engagement and academic performance in a mathematics class.

Literature Review: The literature review has identified gaps in the current knowledge, namely, while game-based learning has been extensively explored, the role of multiplayer games in supporting learning has not been studied.

Research Design and Methods: This study will employ a mixed-methods research design based upon action research in the classroom. A quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test control group design will first be used to compare the academic performance and engagement of middle school students exposed to game-based learning techniques with those in a control group receiving instruction without the aid of technology. Students will also be observed and interviewed in regard to the effect of communication and collaboration during gameplay on their learning.

Timeline: The study will take place across the second term of the school year with a pre-test taking place on the first day of the term and the post-test taking place on Wednesday in Week 10.

Budget: The key budgetary requirements will be the technologies required, including the subscription cost for the identified games and computers.

Expected Outcomes and Implications: It is expected that the findings will contribute to the current literature on game-based learning and inform educational practices, providing educators and policymakers with insights into how to better support student achievement in mathematics.

2. Psychology Research Proposals

See some real examples:

  • A situational analysis of shared leadership in a self-managing team
  • The effect of musical preference on running performance
  • Relationship between self-esteem and disordered eating amongst adolescent females

Consider this hypothetical psychology research proposal:

The Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Stress Reduction in College Students

Abstract: This research proposal examines the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on stress reduction among college students, using a pre-test/post-test experimental design with both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods .

Introduction: College students face heightened stress levels during exam weeks. This can affect both mental health and test performance. This study explores the potential benefits of mindfulness-based interventions such as meditation as a way to mediate stress levels in the weeks leading up to exam time.

Literature Review: Existing research on mindfulness-based meditation has shown the ability for mindfulness to increase metacognition, decrease anxiety levels, and decrease stress. Existing literature has looked at workplace, high school and general college-level applications. This study will contribute to the corpus of literature by exploring the effects of mindfulness directly in the context of exam weeks.

Research Design and Methods: Participants ( n= 234 ) will be randomly assigned to either an experimental group, receiving 5 days per week of 10-minute mindfulness-based interventions, or a control group, receiving no intervention. Data will be collected through self-report questionnaires, measuring stress levels, semi-structured interviews exploring participants’ experiences, and students’ test scores.

Timeline: The study will begin three weeks before the students’ exam week and conclude after each student’s final exam. Data collection will occur at the beginning (pre-test of self-reported stress levels) and end (post-test) of the three weeks.

Expected Outcomes and Implications: The study aims to provide evidence supporting the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in reducing stress among college students in the lead up to exams, with potential implications for mental health support and stress management programs on college campuses.

3. Sociology Research Proposals

  • Understanding emerging social movements: A case study of ‘Jersey in Transition’
  • The interaction of health, education and employment in Western China
  • Can we preserve lower-income affordable neighbourhoods in the face of rising costs?

Consider this hypothetical sociology research proposal:

The Impact of Social Media Usage on Interpersonal Relationships among Young Adults

Abstract: This research proposal investigates the effects of social media usage on interpersonal relationships among young adults, using a longitudinal mixed-methods approach with ongoing semi-structured interviews to collect qualitative data.

Introduction: Social media platforms have become a key medium for the development of interpersonal relationships, particularly for young adults. This study examines the potential positive and negative effects of social media usage on young adults’ relationships and development over time.

Literature Review: A preliminary review of relevant literature has demonstrated that social media usage is central to development of a personal identity and relationships with others with similar subcultural interests. However, it has also been accompanied by data on mental health deline and deteriorating off-screen relationships. The literature is to-date lacking important longitudinal data on these topics.

Research Design and Methods: Participants ( n = 454 ) will be young adults aged 18-24. Ongoing self-report surveys will assess participants’ social media usage, relationship satisfaction, and communication patterns. A subset of participants will be selected for longitudinal in-depth interviews starting at age 18 and continuing for 5 years.

Timeline: The study will be conducted over a period of five years, including recruitment, data collection, analysis, and report writing.

Expected Outcomes and Implications: This study aims to provide insights into the complex relationship between social media usage and interpersonal relationships among young adults, potentially informing social policies and mental health support related to social media use.

4. Nursing Research Proposals

  • Does Orthopaedic Pre-assessment clinic prepare the patient for admission to hospital?
  • Nurses’ perceptions and experiences of providing psychological care to burns patients
  • Registered psychiatric nurse’s practice with mentally ill parents and their children

Consider this hypothetical nursing research proposal:

The Influence of Nurse-Patient Communication on Patient Satisfaction and Health Outcomes following Emergency Cesarians

Abstract: This research will examines the impact of effective nurse-patient communication on patient satisfaction and health outcomes for women following c-sections, utilizing a mixed-methods approach with patient surveys and semi-structured interviews.

Introduction: It has long been known that effective communication between nurses and patients is crucial for quality care. However, additional complications arise following emergency c-sections due to the interaction between new mother’s changing roles and recovery from surgery.

Literature Review: A review of the literature demonstrates the importance of nurse-patient communication, its impact on patient satisfaction, and potential links to health outcomes. However, communication between nurses and new mothers is less examined, and the specific experiences of those who have given birth via emergency c-section are to date unexamined.

Research Design and Methods: Participants will be patients in a hospital setting who have recently had an emergency c-section. A self-report survey will assess their satisfaction with nurse-patient communication and perceived health outcomes. A subset of participants will be selected for in-depth interviews to explore their experiences and perceptions of the communication with their nurses.

Timeline: The study will be conducted over a period of six months, including rolling recruitment, data collection, analysis, and report writing within the hospital.

Expected Outcomes and Implications: This study aims to provide evidence for the significance of nurse-patient communication in supporting new mothers who have had an emergency c-section. Recommendations will be presented for supporting nurses and midwives in improving outcomes for new mothers who had complications during birth.

5. Social Work Research Proposals

  • Experiences of negotiating employment and caring responsibilities of fathers post-divorce
  • Exploring kinship care in the north region of British Columbia

Consider this hypothetical social work research proposal:

The Role of a Family-Centered Intervention in Preventing Homelessness Among At-Risk Youthin a working-class town in Northern England

Abstract: This research proposal investigates the effectiveness of a family-centered intervention provided by a local council area in preventing homelessness among at-risk youth. This case study will use a mixed-methods approach with program evaluation data and semi-structured interviews to collect quantitative and qualitative data .

Introduction: Homelessness among youth remains a significant social issue. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of family-centered interventions in addressing this problem and identify factors that contribute to successful prevention strategies.

Literature Review: A review of the literature has demonstrated several key factors contributing to youth homelessness including lack of parental support, lack of social support, and low levels of family involvement. It also demonstrates the important role of family-centered interventions in addressing this issue. Drawing on current evidence, this study explores the effectiveness of one such intervention in preventing homelessness among at-risk youth in a working-class town in Northern England.

Research Design and Methods: The study will evaluate a new family-centered intervention program targeting at-risk youth and their families. Quantitative data on program outcomes, including housing stability and family functioning, will be collected through program records and evaluation reports. Semi-structured interviews with program staff, participants, and relevant stakeholders will provide qualitative insights into the factors contributing to program success or failure.

Timeline: The study will be conducted over a period of six months, including recruitment, data collection, analysis, and report writing.

Budget: Expenses include access to program evaluation data, interview materials, data analysis software, and any related travel costs for in-person interviews.

Expected Outcomes and Implications: This study aims to provide evidence for the effectiveness of family-centered interventions in preventing youth homelessness, potentially informing the expansion of or necessary changes to social work practices in Northern England.

Research Proposal Template

Get your Detailed Template for Writing your Research Proposal Here (With AI Prompts!)

This is a template for a 2500-word research proposal. You may find it difficult to squeeze everything into this wordcount, but it’s a common wordcount for Honors and MA-level dissertations.

Your research proposal is where you really get going with your study. I’d strongly recommend working closely with your teacher in developing a research proposal that’s consistent with the requirements and culture of your institution, as in my experience it varies considerably. The above template is from my own courses that walk students through research proposals in a British School of Education.


Chris Drew (PhD)

Dr. Chris Drew is the founder of the Helpful Professor. He holds a PhD in education and has published over 20 articles in scholarly journals. He is the former editor of the Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education. [Image Descriptor: Photo of Chris]

  • Chris Drew (PhD) 5 Top Tips for Succeeding at University
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8 thoughts on “17 Research Proposal Examples”

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Very excellent research proposals

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very helpful

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Very helpful

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Dear Sir, I need some help to write an educational research proposal. Thank you.

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Hi Levi, use the site search bar to ask a question and I’ll likely have a guide already written for your specific question. Thanks for reading!

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very good research proposal

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Thank you so much sir! ❤️

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9+ SAMPLE Action Research Proposal in PDF | MS Word

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4 Preparing for Action Research in the Classroom: Practical Issues


  • What sort of considerations are necessary to take action in your educational context?
  • How do you facilitate an action plan without disrupting your teaching?
  • How do you respond when the unplanned happens during data collection?

An action research project is a practical endeavor that will ultimately be shaped by your educational context and practice. Now that you have developed a literature review, you are ready to revise your initial plans and begin to plan your project. This chapter will provide some advice about your considerations when undertaking an action research project in your classroom.

Maintain Focus

Hopefully, you found a lot a research on your topic. If so, you will now have a better understanding of how it fits into your area and field of educational research. Even though the topic and area you are researching may not be small, your study itself should clearly focus on one aspect of the topic in your classroom. It is important to maintain clarity about what you are investigating because a lot will be going on simultaneously during the research process and you do not want to spend precious time on erroneous aspects that are irrelevant to your research.

Even though you may view your practice as research, and vice versa, you might want to consider your research project as a projection or megaphone for your work that will bring attention to the small decisions that make a difference in your educational context. From experience, our concern is that you will find that researching one aspect of your practice will reveal other interconnected aspects that you may find interesting, and you will disorient yourself researching in a confluence of interests, commitments, and purposes. We simply want to emphasize – don’t try to research everything at once. Stay focused on your topic, and focus on exploring it in depth, instead of its many related aspects. Once you feel you have made progress in one aspect, you can then progress to other related areas, as new research projects that continue the research cycle.

Identify a Clear Research Question

Your literature review should have exposed you to an array of research questions related to your topic. More importantly, your review should have helped identify which research questions we have addressed as a field, and which ones still need to be addressed . More than likely your research questions will resemble ones from your literature review, while also being distinguishable based upon your own educational context and the unexplored areas of research on your topic.

Regardless of how your research question took shape, it is important to be clear about what you are researching in your educational context. Action research questions typically begin in ways related to “How does … ?” or “How do I/we … ?”, for example:

Research Question Examples

  • How does a semi-structured morning meeting improve my classroom community?
  • How does historical fiction help students think about people’s agency in the past?
  • How do I improve student punctuation use through acting out sentences?
  • How do we increase student responsibility for their own learning as a team of teachers?

I particularly favor questions with I or we, because they emphasize that you, the actor and researcher, will be clearly taking action to improve your practice. While this may seem rather easy, you need to be aware of asking the right kind of question. One issue is asking a too pointed and closed question that limits the possibility for analysis. These questions tend to rely on quantitative answers, or yes/no answers. For example, “How many students got a 90% or higher on the exam, after reviewing the material three times?

Another issue is asking a question that is too broad, or that considers too many variables. For example, “How does room temperature affect students’ time-on-task?” These are obviously researchable questions, but the aim is a cause-and-effect relationship between variables that has little or no value to your daily practice.

I also want to point out that your research question will potentially change as the research develops. If you consider the question:

As you do an activity, you may find that students are more comfortable and engaged by acting sentences out in small groups, instead of the whole class. Therefore, your question may shift to:

  • How do I improve student punctuation use through acting out sentences, in small groups ?

By simply engaging in the research process and asking questions, you will open your thinking to new possibilities and you will develop new understandings about yourself and the problematic aspects of your educational context.

Understand Your Capabilities and Know that Change Happens Slowly

Similar to your research question, it is important to have a clear and realistic understanding of what is possible to research in your specific educational context. For example, would you be able to address unsatisfactory structures (policies and systems) within your educational context? Probably not immediately, but over time you potentially could. It is much more feasible to think of change happening in smaller increments, from within your own classroom or context, with you as one change agent. For example, you might find it particularly problematic that your school or district places a heavy emphasis on traditional grades, believing that these grades are often not reflective of the skills students have or have not mastered. Instead of attempting to research grading practices across your school or district, your research might instead focus on determining how to provide more meaningful feedback to students and parents about progress in your course. While this project identifies and addresses a structural issue that is part of your school and district context, to keep things manageable, your research project would focus the outcomes on your classroom. The more research you do related to the structure of your educational context the more likely modifications will emerge. The more you understand these modifications in relation to the structural issues you identify within your own context, the more you can influence others by sharing your work and enabling others to understand the modification and address structural issues within their contexts. Throughout your project, you might determine that modifying your grades to be standards-based is more effective than traditional grades, and in turn, that sharing your research outcomes with colleagues at an in-service presentation prompts many to adopt a similar model in their own classrooms. It can be defeating to expect the world to change immediately, but you can provide the spark that ignites coordinated changes. In this way, action research is a powerful methodology for enacting social change. Action research enables individuals to change their own lives, while linking communities of like-minded practitioners who work towards action.

Plan Thoughtfully

Planning thoughtfully involves having a path in mind, but not necessarily having specific objectives. Due to your experience with students and your educational context, the research process will often develop in ways as you expected, but at times it may develop a little differently, which may require you to shift the research focus and change your research question. I will suggest a couple methods to help facilitate this potential shift. First, you may want to develop criteria for gauging the effectiveness of your research process. You may need to refine and modify your criteria and your thinking as you go. For example, we often ask ourselves if action research is encouraging depth of analysis beyond my typical daily pedagogical reflection. You can think about this as you are developing data collection methods and even when you are collecting data. The key distinction is whether the data you will be collecting allows for nuance among the participants or variables. This does not mean that you will have nuance, but it should allow for the possibility. Second, criteria are shaped by our values and develop into standards of judgement. If we identify criteria such as teacher empowerment, then we will use that standard to think about the action contained in our research process. Our values inform our work; therefore, our work should be judged in relation to the relevance of our values in our pedagogy and practice.

Does Your Timeline Work?

While action research is situated in the temporal span that is your life, your research project is short-term, bounded, and related to the socially mediated practices within your educational context. The timeline is important for bounding, or setting limits to your research project, while also making sure you provide the right amount of time for the data to emerge from the process.

For example, if you are thinking about examining the use of math diaries in your classroom, you probably do not want to look at a whole semester of entries because that would be a lot of data, with entries related to a wide range of topics. This would create a huge data analysis endeavor. Therefore, you may want to look at entries from one chapter or unit of study. Also, in terms of timelines, you want to make sure participants have enough time to develop the data you collect. Using the same math example, you would probably want students to have plenty of time to write in the journals, and also space out the entries over the span of the chapter or unit.

In relation to the examples, we think it is an important mind shift to not think of research timelines in terms of deadlines. It is vitally important to provide time and space for the data to emerge from the participants. Therefore, it would be potentially counterproductive to rush a 50-minute data collection into 20 minutes – like all good educators, be flexible in the research process.

Involve Others

It is important to not isolate yourself when doing research. Many educators are already isolated when it comes to practice in their classroom. The research process should be an opportunity to engage with colleagues and open up your classroom to discuss issues that are potentially impacting your entire educational context. Think about the following relationships:

Research participants

You may invite a variety of individuals in your educational context, many with whom you are in a shared situation (e.g. colleagues, administrators). These participants may be part of a collaborative study, they may simply help you develop data collection instruments or intervention items, or they may help to analyze and make sense of the data. While the primary research focus will be you and your learning, you will also appreciate how your learning is potentially influencing the quality of others’ learning.

We always tell educators to be public about your research, or anything exciting that is happening in your educational context, for that matter. In terms of research, you do not want it to seem mysterious to any stakeholder in the educational context. Invite others to visit your setting and observe your research process, and then ask for their formal feedback. Inviting others to your classroom will engage and connect you with other stakeholders, while also showing that your research was established in an ethic of respect for multiple perspectives.

Critical friends or validators

Using critical friends is one way to involve colleagues and also validate your findings and conclusions. While your positionality will shape the research process and subsequently your interpretations of the data, it is important to make sure that others see similar logic in your process and conclusions. Critical friends or validators provide some level of certification that the frameworks you use to develop your research project and make sense of your data are appropriate for your educational context. Your critical friends and validators’ suggestions will be useful if you develop a report or share your findings, but most importantly will provide you confidence moving forward.

Potential researchers

As an educational researcher, you are involved in ongoing improvement plans and district or systemic change. The flexibility of action research allows it to be used in a variety of ways, and your initial research can spark others in your context to engage in research either individually for their own purposes, or collaboratively as a grade level, team, or school. Collaborative inquiry with other educators is an emerging form of professional learning and development for schools with school improvement plans. While they call it collaborative inquiry, these schools are often using an action research model. It is good to think of all of your colleagues as potential research collaborators in the future.

Prioritize Ethical Practice

Try to always be cognizant of your own positionality during the action research process, its relation to your educational context, and any associated power relation to your positionality. Furthermore, you want to make sure that you are not coercing or engaging participants into harmful practices. While this may seem obvious, you may not even realize you are harming your participants because you believe the action is necessary for the research process.

For example, commonly teachers want to try out an intervention that will potentially positively impact their students. When the teacher sets up the action research study, they may have a control group and an experimental group. There is potential to impair the learning of one of these groups if the intervention is either highly impactful or exceedingly worse than the typical instruction. Therefore, teachers can sometimes overlook the potential harm to students in pursuing an experimental method of exploring an intervention.

If you are working with a university researcher, ethical concerns will be covered by the Institutional Review Board (IRB). If not, your school or district may have a process or form that you would need to complete, so it would beneficial to check your district policies before starting. Other widely accepted aspects of doing ethically informed research, include:

Confirm Awareness of Study and Negotiate Access – with authorities, participants and parents, guardians, caregivers and supervisors (with IRB this is done with Informed Consent).

  • Promise to Uphold Confidentiality – Uphold confidentiality, to your fullest ability, to protect information, identity and data. You can identify people if they indicate they want to be recognized for their contributions.
  • Ensure participants’ rights to withdraw from the study at any point .
  • Make sure data is secured, either on password protected computer or lock drawer .

Prepare to Problematize your Thinking

Educational researchers who are more philosophically-natured emphasize that research is not about finding solutions, but instead is about creating and asking new and more precise questions. This is represented in the action research process shown in the diagrams in Chapter 1, as Collingwood (1939) notes the aim in human interaction is always to keep the conversation open, while Edward Said (1997) emphasized that there is no end because whatever we consider an end is actually the beginning of something entirely new. These reflections have perspective in evaluating the quality in research and signifying what is “good” in “good pedagogy” and “good research”. If we consider that action research is about studying and reflecting on one’s learning and how that learning influences practice to improve it, there is nothing to stop your line of inquiry as long as you relate it to improving practice. This is why it is necessary to problematize and scrutinize our practices.

Ethical Dilemmas for Educator-Researchers

Classroom teachers are increasingly expected to demonstrate a disposition of reflection and inquiry into their own practice. Many advocate for schools to become research centers, and to produce their own research studies, which is an important advancement in acknowledging and addressing the complexity in today’s schools. When schools conduct their own research studies without outside involvement, they bypass outside controls over their studies. Schools shift power away from the oversight of outside experts and ethical research responsibilities are shifted to those conducting the formal research within their educational context. Ethics firmly grounded and established in school policies and procedures for teaching, becomes multifaceted when teaching practice and research occur simultaneously. When educators conduct research in their classrooms, are they doing so as teachers or as researchers, and if they are researchers, at what point does the teaching role change to research? Although the notion of objectivity is a key element in traditional research paradigms, educator-based research acknowledges a subjective perspective as the educator-researcher is not viewed separately from the research. In action research, unlike traditional research, the educator as researcher gains access to the research site by the nature of the work they are paid and expected to perform. The educator is never detached from the research and remains at the research site both before and after the study. Because studying one’s practice comprises working with other people, ethical deliberations are inevitable. Educator-researchers confront role conflict and ambiguity regarding ethical issues such as informed consent from participants, protecting subjects (students) from harm, and ensuring confidentiality. They must demonstrate a commitment toward fully understanding ethical dilemmas that present themselves within the unique set of circumstances of the educational context. Questions about research ethics can feel exceedingly complex and in specific situations, educator- researchers require guidance from others.

Think about it this way. As a part-time historian and former history teacher I often problematized who we regard as good and bad people in history. I (Clark) grew up minutes from Jesse James’ childhood farm. Jesse James is a well-documented thief, and possibly by today’s standards, a terrorist. He is famous for daylight bank robberies, as well as the sheer number of successful robberies. When Jesse James was assassinated, by a trusted associate none-the-less, his body travelled the country for people to see, while his assailant and assailant’s brother reenacted the assassination over 1,200 times in theaters across the country. Still today in my hometown, they reenact Jesse James’ daylight bank robbery each year at the Fall Festival, immortalizing this thief and terrorist from our past. This demonstrates how some people saw him as somewhat of hero, or champion of some sort of resistance, both historically and in the present. I find this curious and ripe for further inquiry, but primarily it is problematic for how we think about people as good or bad in the past. Whatever we may individually or collectively think about Jesse James as a “good” or “bad” person in history, it is vitally important to problematize our thinking about him. Talking about Jesse James may seem strange, but it is relevant to the field of action research. If we tell people that we are engaging in important and “good” actions, we should be prepared to justify why it is “good” and provide a theoretical, epistemological, or ontological rationale if possible. Experience is never enough, you need to justify why you act in certain ways and not others, and this includes thinking critically about your own thinking.

Educators who view inquiry and research as a facet of their professional identity must think critically about how to design and conduct research in educational settings to address respect, justice, and beneficence to minimize harm to participants. This chapter emphasized the due diligence involved in ethically planning the collection of data, and in considering the challenges faced by educator-researchers in educational contexts.

Planning Action

After the thinking about the considerations above, you are now at the stage of having selected a topic and reflected on different aspects of that topic. You have undertaken a literature review and have done some reading which has enriched your understanding of your topic. As a result of your reading and further thinking, you may have changed or fine-tuned the topic you are exploring. Now it is time for action. In the last section of this chapter, we will address some practical issues of carrying out action research, drawing on both personal experiences of supervising educator-researchers in different settings and from reading and hearing about action research projects carried out by other researchers.

Engaging in an action research can be a rewarding experience, but a beneficial action research project does not happen by accident – it requires careful planning, a flexible approach, and continuous educator-researcher reflection. Although action research does not have to go through a pre-determined set of steps, it is useful here for you to be aware of the progression which we presented in Chapter 2. The sequence of activities we suggested then could be looked on as a checklist for you to consider before planning the practical aspects of your project.

We also want to provide some questions for you to think about as you are about to begin.

  • Have you identified a topic for study?
  • What is the specific context for the study? (It may be a personal project for you or for a group of researchers of which you are a member.)
  • Have you read a sufficient amount of the relevant literature?
  • Have you developed your research question(s)?
  • Have you assessed the resource needed to complete the research?

As you start your project, it is worth writing down:

  • a working title for your project, which you may need to refine later;
  • the background of the study , both in terms of your professional context and personal motivation;
  • the aims of the project;
  • the specific outcomes you are hoping for.

Although most of the models of action research presented in Chapter 1 suggest action taking place in some pre-defined order, they also allow us the possibility of refining our ideas and action in the light of our experiences and reflections. Changes may need to be made in response to your evaluation and your reflections on how the project is progressing. For example, you might have to make adjustments, taking into account the students’ responses, your observations and any observations of your colleagues. All this is very useful and, in fact, it is one of the features that makes action research suitable for educational research.

Action research planning sheet

In the past, we have provided action researchers with the following planning list that incorporates all of these considerations. Again, like we have said many times, this is in no way definitive, or lock-in-step procedure you need to follow, but instead guidance based on our perspective to help you engage in the action research process. The left column is the simplified version, and the right column offers more specific advice if need.

Figure 4.1 Planning Sheet for Action Research

Action Research Copyright © by J. Spencer Clark; Suzanne Porath; Julie Thiele; and Morgan Jobe is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

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Action Research Project For B.Ed. Practical File [Complete]

Are you searching for a ready-made Action Research Project Report for your B.Ed. course? Here I am sharing a complete ready-made sample Action Research Project for B.Ed. students. This research proposal is specially made for B.Ed. trainee. This is complete Action Research and all necessary data are included.

Action Research Proposal/Project For B.Ed. [Complete] in Mathematics

Table of Contents

Action Research Project Report for B.Ed. in Mathematics [For Practical File]

In simple words, Action research is a type of investigation or small research that is done among the students of a particular class to solve the problem faced by students during their learning. Action Research helps in building new strategies for teaching and hence improves the efficiency of the teaching-learning process.

As mentioned above, I will share a complete Action research Proposal/Project/Report in this post with you. This will be very helpful for you if you are a B.Ed. trainee or any teacher to conduct and submit an action research report in your B.Ed. institution.

I have taken the topic of this action research project on ‘Attention problem in learning general mathematics among the class VII students”. Since this is just a sample action research proposal, you can pick any other topic that you want to research or investigate. Otherwise, you can copy-paste this action research project for submission in your B.Ed. institutions.

Attention Problem in Learning General Mathematics Among the Class 7 Students [Action Research]

While making this action research project we will follow the following steps. This action research report has been made by following the proper steps for making an action research project. You can just follow the below-mentioned steps while making your action research project.


This report is presented in four chapters, each dealing with certain topics—-

  • Chapter 1-  INTRODUCTION
  • Chapter 2-  METHODOLOGY
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY and  APPENDICES are presented in a systematic order at the end.
  • Introduction
  • Title of the study
  • Significance of the study
  • Objectives of the study
  • Statement of the problem
  • Probable cause of the problem
  • The hypothesis of the study
  • Methodology
  • The procedure of collection of data
  • Time period
  • Action Research Design
  • Action Program
  • The procedure of analysis of data
  • Analysis and interpretation of data
  • Findings of the study

CHAPTER 1- INTRODUCTION (Action Research Project For B.Ed.)

1.1. introduction.

Attention is focused concentration it is a concept studied in cognitive psychology that refers to how we actively process specific information in our environment. But it is not just about centering your focus on particular things, it also involves ignoring a great idol of competing for information and stimuli. Attention allows you to ‘tune out’ information, sensations, and perceptions that are not relevant at the moment and instead focus your energy on the information that’s important.

Attention is the first step in the learning process. We can’t understand, learn or remember that which we don’t first attend to

According to eminent psychologist and philosopher William James—

 “Attention is the taking possession by the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what may seem several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought….. It implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others.”_ “The Principles of Psychology,”1890.

According to John Ratey (2001) , attention is more than just noticing incoming stimuli. It involves a number of processes including filtering out perceptions, balancing multiple perceptions, and attaching emotional significance to these perceptions.




The investigator did this research mainly to evacuate the attention problem in learning General Mathematics among the students of class VII. They must be energized and commended in General Mathematics class to learn General Mathematics for their best success. The investigator needed the dimension of support of the understudy in the class to ascend from once in a while decent to consistently incredible on the grounds that to get accomplishment in any area each understudy must be increasingly genuine mindful normal and cognizant about his study. Students who get their work done routinely and focus in the study hall show better execution in their outcomes.

The essential objective of the investigator or researcher in this present study is to advance consideration in the study of General Mathematics and motivate students to learn General Mathematics and furthermore to be mindful of the significance of General Mathematics for improving the maximum capacity of each individual, group, and network in the society.


The study will focus on the following objectives—

  • To discover the causes behind the consideration issue in Mathematics among the class VII students.
  • To assess the attention in regard to their reactions to their provided questions.
  • To build up the system for expanding the consideration dimension of the understudies.
  • To empower the students to make models, graphs, and ventures identified with mathematics.
  • To make the students interested by the consideration dimension of the understudies.
  • To develop a curiosity to ask questions during the teaching-learning process.
  • To make them understand the significance of the subject of General Mathematics.


When I went to teach the General Mathematics subjects in VII of North Lakhimpur Town High School, Lakhimpur, 5 students out of 65 students were not attentive in the classroom. I saw that other students were getting disturbed by that student. So, I decided to prepare an Action Research Work on this topic.



The investigator had listed the following PROBABLE causes of the attention problem of the students while teaching General Mathematics—

  • The attitude of the students towards the mathematics subject isn’t effective.
  • Improper method of teaching.
  • The students have issues with memory expertise and focus.
  • Due to the lake of lively environment.
  • Lack of cooperation among students. 
  • Lack of freedom doing activities.
  • Because of the theoretical nature of mathematics students appear to be absent-minded.
  • Lack of appreciated teaching aids.
  • By using a faulty method of teaching.
  • Cannot be co­-relate numerical points with life.
  • Cannot take an interest in any mathematical activity.


If the problem area due to the “attitude” of the students towards the mathematics subject is not effective”,  “cannot co-relate mathematics topic with life”,  ‘’cannot participate any mathematical activity”, it can be minimized and ultimately they will be able to pay attention in the mathematics subject.


2.1. methodology:.

As far as the present study is concerned it is a descriptive type of study. So as to direct this study descriptive survey method was chosen as the proper one for this reason. Elucidating exploration studies have been intended to get relevant and exact data concerning the present status of wonder and at whatever point conceivable to reach legitimate general determinations from the reality found.  Distinct research isn’t just limited to actuality findings but may frequently result in the detailing of significant standards and arrangement of the noteworthy issues. Accordingly, an unmistakable technique was observed to be reasonable for the present study conducted.


All the students of class VII were the population of study i.e.  65

Of the 65 students of class VII,   5 students were selected for the study list of students for sample collection:

sample action research project proposal

  • 1. Observation
  • 2. Pre-test and post-test
  • 3. Interview


 We use quantitative techniques are- Percentage and Average


The collection of data is the major activity of the research work. In this case the Headmistress of N.L. Town High School left us free to collect the data from the students. The present study was limited to the students of class VII of the school. In this study, a systematic procedure was followed in the collection of data.

At the very beginning of the practice, many problems were found in the classroom but a major problem among the students of class VII was students’ attention problem in learning mathematics. In order to deal with that issue, an attempt was made.

In the first phase of the collection of data, an achievement test was conducted which was taken by the oral process by questioning on the basis of the class topic. Out of 65 students, 5 students did not answer the questions. After collecting the sample an interview was conducted among the 5 students. A question paper was set in order to look into the Attention Problem.

After one month, to collect improvement data again a post-test was taken by questioning which was conducted by oral process among the 5 students on the basis of another class topic.


The time period of the study was from 11th March to 15th May 2021.


The design of the present study is—–


An observation procedure was used. Then a pre-test was conducted on the population using the oral questions on the basis of the class topics. Then an interview was conducted on the problem faced by students. After that interventions were implemented in the sample to eliminate the most probable causes for one month. After one month, a pre-test was conducted on the sample using oral questions based on another class topic.


During my internship teaching the General Mathematics subject at North Lakhimpur Town High School in class VII, it was found that some students were inattentive in the classroom. So, I decided to take action to overcome the problem.

At first, I observed the students who faced attention problems. Then to collect the data, a pre-test was taken by questioning which was conducted by oral process on the basis of the class topic among all students. After collecting the sample, an interview was taken in order to detect the causes of the Attention problem. Then I took some measures to overcome that. For the e.g.-improving the attitude of students towards Mathematics subjects involved them various mathematical experiments etc.

For this action taken, improvement came to the student’s attention. It was detected from the posttest taken by questioning which was conducted by oral process on the basis of another class topic among the sample.


3.1 . procedure of analysis of data :.

An interview was conducted among the 5 students who are inattentive in the class. The question paper of the interview is shown on the last page.

The quantitative method is used to analyze the data. Appropriate statistical tools and tables were used to present the data in an organized way.

  • Tabulation of the response to the interview.
  • Presentation of the data with the help of a bar diagram showing their response in the interview.

In the section on Analysis and Interpretation of Data, data were systematically presented to reflect the responses of the students in the interview.


Table:- Number of respondents who answered ‘Yes/No’ in the interview—–

sample action research project proposal

Graphical Representation of the above Data:

Bar diagram of student’s response—BAR DIAGRAM:

sample action research project proposal

From the Table and Bar Diagram, we found that—–

  • From the 1 st response, among the 5 students, 80% go to school regularly, while 20% do not go to school regularly.
  • From the 2nd response, 100% like the school environment, and nobody dislikes the school environment.
  • From the 3rd response, 40% of them like the subject of General Mathematics, but 60% dislike it.
  • From the 4th response, 40% of students have a fear of Mathematics, while 60% have not.
  • From the 5th response, 80% of students understand whenever their Maths teacher teaches, and the other 20% don’t understand.
  • From the 6th response, 100% of students responded ‘Yes’ to their Mathematics teacher doing an activity.
  • From the 7th response, 60% of the students understand the activity shown by the Mathematic teacher and 40% do not.
  • From the 8th response, 60% of students responded ‘Yes’ that their Mathematics textbook is attractive and 40% responded ‘No’.
  • From the 9th response, 80% of the students know that the Mathematics subject is useful in day-to-day life and the other 20% don’t know.
  • From the 10th response, 20% of the students have not participated in Mathematics activities like fairs, seminar and the else 80% of the students have not participated in any Science activities.


4.1. findings of the study.

  • From the above bar diagram, it is found that out of five students, 3 students don’t like the Mathematic subject, they have a fear of Mathematics because their attitude towards the Mathematic subject is not effective.
  • It is also found that out of 5 students, only 1 student has participated in Mathematical activities like seminars and the else, and the rest 4 have not because they cannot relate mathematic topics with life.
  • In this action research proposal/project/report, it was found that taking remedial measures with well-equipped TLMs, audio-visual aids, and drill and classroom activities has shown a good achievement level of student performance.
  • From the study, when I compared the average percentage of pre and post-achievement tests of the samples taken, it was found that this percentage has shown massive improvement.
  • From the above result, it was proved that the action hypothesis is true and valid.


To minimize these problems I have taken some measures—–

  • We have used proper teaching aids to motivate the students toward Mathematics.
  • Quick corrections while they mistakes should practically be done.
  • We gave significance to individual differences and tried to satisfy the requirements of the understudies however much as could be expected.
  • The researcher always helped the students personally to solve their problem in Mathematical problems.
  • The researcher always ensured the classroom atmosphere was conducive to learning.


Attention problem in a classroom is an important problem. In the Mathematics class, to overcome this problem I suggest that the teacher should motivate the students toward Mathematical topics with various life-related questions. This step helps students to know that Mathematics is related to our day-to-day life. The teacher should use various teaching aids like Mathematical models, charts, etc to attract the students and activities also do in the class. I suggest the students take participation in Mathematical activities like fairs, seminars, etc.

4.4 Conclusion of The Action Research Project:

There is clear evidence to suggest that action research is a valuable exercise for teachers to understand students’ problems. It offers teachers a systematic collaborative process of inquiry that actively seeks to address the issue.

The study attempts to analyze the specific and immediate problem faced by pupils of VII and the factors responsible for the particular problem. The study was undertaken to understand whether the teaching strategies have been specifically designed or if any social, environmental, and economic factors are responsible for the cause of the specific problem.

Thus, the study aimed to actively participate in the underlying situation and resolve immediate action to minimize the difficulties while simultaneously conducting the research.


  • Hopkins David, 2002(3 rd   Edition), A Teacher’s Guide to Classroom Research, Open University Press.
  • Sagor Richard, 2000, Guiding School Improvement With Action Research, Association For Supervision and Curriculum Development.
  • Strong James H., Tucker Pamela D., Hinduman Jennifer L., Handbook for Qualities of Effective Teachers.
  • is attention

Pre-Test for the Action Research Project in Mathematics

PDF of Action Research Project File on Attention Problem in Learning Mathematics For B.Ed.

The above Action research project may be difficult to read by you. So, I have given the PDF version of this Action research project in mathematics for your convenience. This PDF of the action research report has 27 pages in it.

Above I have given the complete Action Research Proposal/Project/Report in mathematics. The topic of this Action research project which is done for the mathematics subject is on the topic “Attention Problem in Learning Mathematics Among The Class VII Students”. I have given the investigated data of five students of class 7.

If you wish to investigate with more students to complete your Action research report proposal or project, then you are free to do it. I have only been given a sample Action research project in mathematics for my B.Ed. practicum course. The PDF version of the above Action Research Project is given below.

9 thoughts on “Action Research Project For B.Ed. Practical File [Complete]”

Great Action Research with the Research proposal. Really appreciated. Thank you so much for sharing.

Thank you for your post

Thank you so much for sharaing

You are welcome

who is the author in this research

could you please share the pdf

Hi Can u plz send the pdf of this action research.

Could you share on another topic

Sir You content is so adorable it’s really help me a lot I hope in future you can gave us such help content more.. Thank You 👍👍

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    Since this is just a sample action research proposal, you can pick any other topic that you want to research or investigate. Otherwise, you can copy-paste this action research project for submission in your B.Ed. institutions. Attention Problem in Learning General Mathematics Among the Class 7 Students [Action Research]