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How to write a great cover letter in 2024: tips and structure


A cover letter is a personalized letter that introduces you to a potential employer, highlights your qualifications, and explains why you're a strong fit for a specific job.

Hate or love them, these brief documents allow job seekers to make an impression and stand out from the pile of other applications. Penning a thoughtful cover letter shows the hiring team you care about earning the position.

Here’s everything you need to know about how to write a cover letter — and a great one, at that.

What is a cover letter and why does it matter?

A professional cover letter is a one-page document you submit alongside your CV or resume as part of a job application. Typically, they’re about half a page or around 150–300 words.

An effective cover letter doesn’t just rehash your CV; it’s your chance to highlight your proudest moments, explain why you want the job, and state plainly what you bring to the table.

Show the reviewer you’re likable, talented, and will add to the company’s culture . You can refer to previous jobs and other information from your CV, but only if it helps tell a story about you and your career choices .

What 3 things should you include in a cover letter?

A well-crafted cover letter can help you stand out to potential employers. To make your cover letter shine, here are three key elements to include:

1. Personalization

Address the hiring manager or recruiter by name whenever possible. If the job posting doesn't include a name, research to find out who will be reviewing applications. Personalizing your cover letter shows that you've taken the time to tailor your application to the specific company and role.

2. Highlight relevant achievements and skills

Emphasize your most relevant skills , experiences, and accomplishments that directly relate to the job you're applying for. Provide specific examples of how your skills have benefited previous employers and how they can contribute to the prospective employer's success. Use quantifiable achievements , such as improved efficiency, cost savings, or project success, to demonstrate your impact.

3. Show enthusiasm and fit

Express your enthusiasm for the company and the position you're applying for. Explain why you are interested in this role and believe you are a good fit for the organization. Mention how your values, goals, and skills align with the company's mission and culture. Demonstrating that you've done your research can make a significant impression.

What do hiring managers look for in a cover letter?

Employers look for several key elements in a cover letter. These include:

Employers want to see that your cover letter is specifically tailored to the position you are applying for. It should demonstrate how your skills, experiences, and qualifications align with the job requirements.

Clear and concise writing

A well-written cover letter is concise, easy to read, and error-free. Employers appreciate clear and effective communication skills , so make sure your cover letter showcases your ability to express yourself effectively.

Demonstrated knowledge of the company

Employers want to see that you are genuinely interested in their organization. Mention specific details about the company, such as recent achievements or projects, to show that you are enthusiastic about joining their team.

Achievements and accomplishments

Highlight your relevant achievements and accomplishments that demonstrate your qualifications for the position. Use specific examples to showcase your skills and show how they can benefit the employer.

Enthusiasm and motivation

Employers want to hire candidates who are excited about the opportunity and motivated to contribute to the company's success. Express your enthusiasm and passion for the role and explain why you are interested in working for the company.


A cover letter should be professional in tone and presentation. Use formal language, address the hiring manager appropriately, and follow standard business letter formatting.


How do you structure a cover letter?

A well-structured cover letter follows a specific format that makes it easy for the reader to understand your qualifications and enthusiasm for the position. Here's a typical structure for a cover letter:

Contact information

Include your name, address, phone number, and email address at the top of the letter. Place your contact information at the beginning so that it's easy for the employer to reach you.

Employer's contact information

Opening paragraph, middle paragraph(s), closing paragraph, complimentary close, additional contact information.

Repeat your contact information (name, phone number, and email) at the end of the letter, just in case the employer needs it for quick reference.

Remember to keep your cover letter concise and focused. It should typically be no more than one page in length. Proofread your letter carefully to ensure it is free from spelling and grammatical errors. Tailor each cover letter to the specific job application to make it as relevant and impactful as possible.

How to write a good cover letter (with examples)

The best letters are unique, tailored to the job description, and written in your voice — but that doesn’t mean you can’t use a job cover letter template.

Great cover letters contain the same basic elements and flow a certain way. Take a look at this cover letter structure for ref erence while you construct your own.

1. Add a header and contact information

While reading your cover letter, the recruiter shouldn’t have to look far to find who wrote it. Your document should include a basic heading with the following information:

  • Pronouns (optional)
  • Location (optional)
  • Email address
  • Phone number (optional)
  • Relevant links, such as your LinkedIn profile , portfolio, or personal website (optional)

You can pull this information directly from your CV. Put it together, and it will look something like this:

Christopher Pike

San Francisco, California

[email protected]

Alternatively, if the posting asks you to submit your cover letter in the body of an email, you can include this information in your signature. For example:

Warm regards,

Catherine Janeway

Bloomington, Indiana

[email protected]

(555) 999 - 2222


2. Include a personal greeting

Always begin your cover letter by addressing the hiring manager — preferably by name. You can use the person’s first and last name. Make sure to include a relevant title, like Dr., Mr., or Ms. For example, “Dear Mr. John Doe.”

Avoid generic openings like “To whom it may concern,” “Dear sir or madam,” or “Dear hiring manager.” These introductions sound impersonal — like you’re copy-pasting cover letters — and can work against you in the hiring process.

Be careful, though. When using someone’s name, you don’t want to use the wrong title or accidentally misgender someone. If in doubt, using only their name is enough. You could also opt for a gender-neutral title, like Mx.

Make sure you’re addressing the right person in your letter — ideally, the person who’s making the final hiring decision. This isn’t always specified in the job posting, so you may have to do some research to learn the name of the hiring manager.

3. Draw them in with an opening story

The opening paragraph of your cover letter should hook the reader. You want it to be memorable, conversational, and extremely relevant to the job you’re pursuing. 

There’s no need for a personal introduction — you’ve already included your name in the heading. But you should make reference to the job you’re applying for. A simple “Thank you for considering my application for the role of [job title] at [company],” will suffice.

Then you can get into the “Why” of your job application. Drive home what makes this specific job and this company so appealing to you. Perhaps you’re a fan of their products, you’re passionate about their mission, or you love their brand voice. Whatever the case, this section is where you share your enthusiasm for the role.

Here’s an example opening paragraph. In this scenario, you’re applying for a digital marketing role at a bicycle company:

“Dear Mr. John Doe,

Thank you for considering my application for the role of Marketing Coordinator at Bits n’ Bikes.

My parents bought my first bike at one of your stores. I’ll never forget the freedom I felt when I learned to ride it. My father removed my training wheels, and my mom sent me barrelling down the street. You provide joy to families across the country — and I want to be part of that.”

4. Emphasize why you’re best for the job

Your next paragraphs should be focused on the role you’re applying to. Highlight your skill set and why you’re a good fit for the needs and expectations associated with the position. Hiring managers want to know what you’ll bring to the job, not just any role.

Start by studying the job description for hints. What problem are they trying to solve with this hire? What skills and qualifications do they mention first or more than once? These are indicators of what’s important to the hiring manager.

Search for details that match your experience and interests. For example, if you’re excited about a fast-paced job in public relations, you might look for these elements in a posting:

  • They want someone who can write social media posts and blog content on tight deadlines
  • They value collaboration and input from every team member
  • They need a planner who can come up with strong PR strategies

Highlight how you fulfill these requirements:

“I’ve always been a strong writer. From blog posts to social media, my content pulls in readers and drives traffic to product pages. For example, when I worked at Bits n’ Bikes, I developed a strategic blog series about bike maintenance that increased our sales of spare parts and tools by 50% — we could see it in our web metrics.

Thanks to the input of all of our team members, including our bike mechanics, my content delivered results.”

5. End with a strong closing paragraph and sign off gracefully

Your closing paragraph is your final chance to hammer home your enthusiasm about the role and your unique ability to fill it. Reiterate the main points you explained in the body paragraphs and remind the reader of what you bring to the table.

You can also use the end of your letter to relay other important details, like whether you’re willing to relocate for the job.

When choosing a sign-off, opt for a phrase that sounds professional and genuine. Reliable options include “Sincerely” and “Kind regards.”

Here’s a strong closing statement for you to consider:

“I believe my enthusiasm, skills, and work experience as a PR professional will serve Bits n’ Bikes very well. I would love to meet to further discuss my value-add as your next Director of Public Relations. Thank you for your consideration. I hope we speak soon.


Tips to write a great cover letter that compliments your resume

When writing your own letter, try not to copy the example excerpts word-for-word. Instead, use this cover letter structure as a baseline to organize your ideas. Then, as you’re writing, use these extra cover letter tips to add your personal touch:

  • Keep your cover letter different from your resume : Your cover letter should not duplicate the information on your resume. Instead, it should provide context and explanations for key points in your resume, emphasizing how your qualifications match the specific job you're applying for.
  • Customize your cover letter . Tailor your cover letter for each job application. Address the specific needs of the company and the job posting, demonstrating that you've done your homework and understand their requirements.
  • Show enthusiasm and fit . Express your enthusiasm for the company and position in the cover letter. Explain why you are interested in working for this company and how your values, goals, and skills align with their mission and culture.
  • Use keywords . Incorporate keywords from the job description and industry terms in your cover letter. This can help your application pass through applicant tracking systems (ATS) and demonstrate that you're well-versed in the field.
  • Keep it concise . Your cover letter should be succinct and to the point, typically no more than one page. Focus on the most compelling qualifications and experiences that directly support your application.
  • Be professional . Maintain a professional tone and structure in your cover letter. Proofread it carefully to ensure there are no errors.
  • Address any gaps or concerns . If there are gaps or concerns in your resume, such as employment gaps or a change in career direction, briefly address them in your cover letter. Explain any relevant circumstances and how they have shaped your qualifications and determination.
  • Provide a call to action . Conclude your cover letter with a call to action, inviting the employer to contact you for further discussion. Mention that you've attached your resume for their reference.
  • Follow the correct format . Use a standard cover letter format like the one above, including your contact information, a formal salutation, introductory and closing paragraphs, and your signature. Ensure that it complements your resume without redundancy.
  • Pick the right voice and tone . Try to write like yourself, but adapt to the tone and voice of the company. Look at the job listing, company website, and social media posts. Do they sound fun and quirky, stoic and professional, or somewhere in-between? This guides your writing style.
  • Tell your story . You’re an individual with unique expertise, motivators, and years of experience. Tie the pieces together with a great story. Introduce how you arrived at this point in your career, where you hope to go , and how this prospective company fits in your journey. You can also explain any career changes in your resume.
  • Show, don’t tell . Anyone can say they’re a problem solver. Why should a recruiter take their word for it if they don’t back it up with examples? Instead of naming your skills, show them in action. Describe situations where you rose to the task, and quantify your success when you can.
  • Be honest . Avoid highlighting skills you don’t have. This will backfire if they ask you about them in an interview. Instead, shift focus to the ways in which you stand out.
  • Avoid clichés and bullet points . These are signs of lazy writing. Do your best to be original from the first paragraph to the final one. This highlights your individuality and demonstrates the care you put into the letter.
  • Proofread . Always spellcheck your cover letter. Look for typos, grammatical errors, and proper flow. We suggest reading it out loud. If it sounds natural rolling off the tongue, it will read naturally as well.


Common cover letter writing FAQs

How long should a cover letter be.

A cover letter should generally be concise and to the point. It is recommended to keep it to one page or less, focusing on the most relevant information that highlights your qualifications and fits the job requirements.

Should I include personal information in a cover letter?

While it's important to introduce yourself and provide your contact information, avoid including personal details such as your age, marital status, or unrelated hobbies. Instead, focus on presenting your professional qualifications and aligning them with the job requirements.

Can I use the same cover letter for multiple job applications?

While it may be tempting to reuse a cover letter, it is best to tailor each cover letter to the specific job you are applying for. This allows you to highlight why you are a good fit for that particular role and show genuine interest in the company.

Do I need to address my cover letter to a specific person?

Whenever possible, it is advisable to address your cover letter to a specific person, such as the hiring manager or recruiter. If the job posting does not provide this information, try to research and find the appropriate contact. If all else fails, you can use a generic salutation such as "Dear Hiring Manager."

Should I include references in my cover letter?

It is generally not necessary to include references in your cover letter. Save this information for when the employer explicitly requests it. Instead, focus on showcasing your qualifications and achievements that make you a strong candidate for the position.

It’s time to start writing your stand-out cover letter

The hardest part of writing is getting started. 

Hopefully, our tips gave you some jumping-off points and confidence . But if you’re really stuck, looking at cover letter examples and resume templates will help you decide where to get started. 

There are numerous sample cover letters available online. Just remember that you’re a unique, well-rounded person, and your cover letter should reflect that. Using our structure, you can tell your story while highlighting your passion for the role. 

Doing your research, including strong examples of your skills, and being courteous is how to write a strong cover letter. Take a breath , flex your fingers, and get typing. Before you know it, your job search will lead to a job interview.

If you want more personalized guidance, a specialized career coach can help review, edit, and guide you through creating a great cover letter that sticks.

Ace your job search

Explore effective job search techniques, interview strategies, and ways to overcome job-related challenges. Our coaches specialize in helping you land your dream job.

Elizabeth Perry, ACC

Elizabeth Perry is a Coach Community Manager at BetterUp. She uses strategic engagement strategies to cultivate a learning community across a global network of Coaches through in-person and virtual experiences, technology-enabled platforms, and strategic coaching industry partnerships. With over 3 years of coaching experience and a certification in transformative leadership and life coaching from Sofia University, Elizabeth leverages transpersonal psychology expertise to help coaches and clients gain awareness of their behavioral and thought patterns, discover their purpose and passions, and elevate their potential. She is a lifelong student of psychology, personal growth, and human potential as well as an ICF-certified ACC transpersonal life and leadership Coach.

3 cover letter examples to help you catch a hiring manager’s attention

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How to Write a Cover Letter

how to structure a cover letter

Advice for tackling one of the toughest parts of the job-hunting process.

Perhaps the most challenging part of the job application process is writing an effective cover letter. And yes, you should send one. Even if only one in two cover letters gets read, that’s still a 50% chance that including one could help you. Before you start writing, find out more about the company and the specific job you want. Next, catch the attention of the hiring manager or recruiter with a strong opening line. If you have a personal connection with the company or someone who works there, mention it in the first sentence or two, and try to address your letter to someone directly. Hiring managers are looking for people who can help them solve problems, so show that you know what the company does and some of the challenges it faces. Then explain how your experience has equipped you to meet those needs. If the online application doesn’t allow you to submit a cover letter, use the format you’re given to demonstrate your ability to do the job and your enthusiasm for the role.

No one likes job hunting. Scouring through online job listings, spiffing up your résumé , prepping for grueling interviews  — none of it is fun. For many, the most challenging part of the process is writing an effective cover letter. There’s so much conflicting advice out there, it’s hard to know where to start. Do you even need one, especially if you’re applying through an online system?

  • Amy Gallo is a contributing editor at Harvard Business Review, cohost of the Women at Work podcast , and the author of two books: Getting Along: How to Work with Anyone (Even Difficult People) and the HBR Guide to Dealing with Conflict . She writes and speaks about workplace dynamics. Watch her TEDx talk on conflict and follow her on LinkedIn . amyegallo

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How to Structure a Cover Letter in 2024: 10+ Proper Examples

how to structure a cover letter

A cover letter is a document that accompanies a job seeker’s resume or job application. It is a personalized letter that introduces the candidate to a potential employer and highlights their qualifications and skills relevant to the job position. A cover letter serves as an introduction, a chance for the job seeker to make a good first impression and to differentiate themselves from other candidates.

Why is a Cover Letter important?

A cover letter is an essential tool for job seekers, as it can significantly increase their chances of getting hired. It allows them to demonstrate their interest in the job position and the company and showcase their suitability for the role. A well-written cover letter can help candidates stand out from the competition and communicate their value proposition to employers.

Purpose of a Cover Letter

The purpose of a cover letter is to persuade the employer to consider the job seeker’s application and invite them for an interview. It is an opportunity for the candidate to sell themselves, pitch their skills and experience, and show how they can add value to the organization. A cover letter provides additional context and information that may not be included in the resume, such as career goals, achievements, and personal attributes.

A cover letter is a powerful tool for job seekers to market themselves to potential employers and increase their chances of getting hired. The following sections of this article will provide 10+ proper examples of how to structure a cover letter for various job positions and industries.

Understanding the Structure of a Cover Letter

When it comes to crafting a cover letter, establishing a solid structure is key to ensuring your application stands out from the rest. A well-structured cover letter should consist of the following elements:

The heading should be placed at the top of the cover letter and should include your name, address, phone number, and email address. You can also include the date and the recipient’s name and address if you have that information available.


The introduction serves as your chance to grab the reader’s attention and make a strong first impression. Start by addressing the reader by name and briefly explaining why you are writing. Be sure to include the name of the position you are applying for and where you found the listing.

The body of the cover letter is where you can expand on why you are the ideal candidate for the position. Your cover letter should consist of at least three paragraphs:

Paragraph 1: Why you are interested in the job

In this paragraph, you should explain why you are interested in the position and the company you are applying to. Mention any unique aspects of the job or company that stand out to you and why they align with your career goals.

Paragraph 2: Why you are the perfect candidate

This paragraph should highlight your skills, qualifications, and experiences that make you the perfect fit for the position. Use specific examples to demonstrate how your skills and experience align with the job description.

Paragraph 3: Relevant experience and skills

In this paragraph, expand on your experiences and skills that specifically relate to the job you are applying for. Use concrete examples and metrics to demonstrate your expertise, and how you can contribute to the company’s success.

Paragraph 4: Closing and call-to-action

The final paragraph should summarize your interest in the position and the company. Additionally, you should use this opportunity to express your enthusiasm for the role and your willingness to contribute to the company’s continued growth. End with a call-to-action, requesting an interview or thanking the reader for their time.

The closing should include a polite sign-off such as “Sincerely” or “Best regards” followed by your name.

A well-structured cover letter can make all the difference in the job application process. By following these guidelines, you can craft a compelling cover letter that effectively demonstrates your qualifications and sets you apart from other candidates.

How to Start a Cover Letter

When it comes to writing a cover letter, the opening is crucial. It’s the first impression you make on the hiring manager, and you want it to be a strong one. Here are some tips on how to start your cover letter:

Start your cover letter with a professional greeting, such as “Dear Hiring Manager” or “Dear [Company Name] Team.” Avoid using generic greetings like “To Whom It May Concern” as they can come off as impersonal.

Opening Statement

In the opening statement, introduce yourself and express your interest in the job. You can also briefly highlight why you are a good fit for the position.

Mention the Source of Job Posting

Let the hiring manager know where you found the job posting. This shows that you’ve done your research and are genuinely interested in the position.

Include Personal Referrals, If Applicable

If you have a personal connection to the company, such as a referral from a current employee, mention it in your cover letter. This can give you an edge over other applicants and make a strong impression on the hiring manager.

Highlight Achievements

In the body of your cover letter, highlight your professional achievements and how they relate to the job you’re applying for.

By following these tips, you can create a strong opening to your cover letter that will grab the hiring manager’s attention and set you apart from other applicants.

How to Write the Body of a Cover Letter

The body of your cover letter is where you really have the chance to showcase your skills and experience to the hiring manager. More importantly, it’s where you need to connect your qualifications directly to the requirements of the job you’re applying for. Here’s how to do that effectively:

Customize the body for each job application

One of the biggest mistakes jobseekers make is writing a generic cover letter that they can send out to any employer. It’s crucial to customize your cover letter for each job application you submit. This means doing some research on the company and the position you’re applying for, and tailoring your letter to fit their specific needs.

Use specific examples

In order to demonstrate your value to the employer, you need to provide specific examples of your past experiences and accomplishments. Don’t just write that you have “strong communication skills” or “a proven track record”; instead, give concrete examples of how you’ve used those skills in the past – for instance, how you managed a team, resolved a customer issue, or spearheaded a successful project.

Connect your skills with job requirements

The purpose of the cover letter is to prove that you’re the best candidate for the job. In order to do that, you need to show how your skills and experience directly relate to the requirements listed in the job posting. Don’t assume that the employer will make the connection themselves; spell it out for them.

For example, if the job posting lists “proficiency in Microsoft Excel” as a requirement, you might write something like: “As you can see from my resume, I have extensive experience with Microsoft Excel. In my previous role, I used this skill to develop complex financial models that led to a 12% increase in revenue for our department.”

Use keywords and phrases from the job description

In addition to connecting your skills to the job requirements, you should also use some of the same language and phrases that appear in the job posting. This not only shows that you’ve read and understood the posting, but also helps your application get past any screening software that the employer may be using.

For example, if the job posting mentions “collaboration” as a requirement, you might write something like: “I’m thrilled to see that collaboration is such a key component of this position, as it’s something I’m truly passionate about. In my previous role, I worked closely with cross-functional teams to develop and implement marketing campaigns that exceeded our targets by 25%.”

Use the body of your cover letter as an opportunity to prove your value to the employer by customizing it for each job application, using specific examples, connecting your skills to job requirements, and using keywords and phrases from the job description.

What to Avoid in a Cover Letter

When it comes to crafting a cover letter, there are certain things that you should avoid in order to make a good impression on potential employers. Below are some common mistakes that you should steer clear of when writing a cover letter:

Grammatical errors and spelling mistakes

Grammatical errors and spelling mistakes can undermine your credibility and make it difficult for employers to take you seriously. Make sure to proofread your letter carefully and use tools like grammar checkers to catch any mistakes before submitting your application.

Clichéd statements

Using clichéd statements such as “I’m a real go-getter” or “I work well under pressure” can make you come across as unoriginal and uninspired. Instead, try to demonstrate your skills and experience through specific examples and accomplishments.

Irrelevant information

Including irrelevant information in your cover letter can distract from your qualifications and make it hard for employers to see how you fit the position. Make sure to stay focused and only include information that is directly related to the job at hand.

Overuse of buzzwords

While buzzwords can be useful in demonstrating your knowledge of industry trends, using them too often can make you seem insincere and unoriginal. Use them sparingly and only when they add real value to your letter.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you can ensure that your cover letter is well-structured, professional, and effective in highlighting your qualifications and experience.

How to End a Cover Letter

As you come to the end of your cover letter, it’s important to leave a lasting impression. Here are a few crucial elements to include in your conclusion:

Summarize your interest in the job:  Reiterate why you’re excited about this particular role and how it aligns with your career goals.

Mention your relevant skills and experience:  Briefly touch on the qualifications that make you the perfect fit for this position.

Request an interview:  Emphasize your eagerness to discuss your application further and express your availability for an interview.

Provide contact information:  Finish off your cover letter with your full name, phone number, and email address. Make it easy for the hiring manager to get in touch with you.

By following these guidelines, you can leave a strong impression and increase the chances of getting called for an interview. Remember, the goal of your cover letter is to show why you’re the best candidate for the job, so end your cover letter with confidence and enthusiasm!

How to Format a Cover Letter

When it comes to formatting your cover letter, you want to keep things simple and professional. Here are a few key tips to keep in mind:

  • Use a consistent font style and size throughout the entire letter to maintain a uniform look.
  • Avoid using too many colors and graphics as this can detract from the content of your message.
  • If you need to use bullet points to highlight important information, keep them concise and to the point.

By following these formatting guidelines, you can ensure that your cover letter looks polished and professional, making a great first impression on potential employers.

Examples of Cover Letters for Different Job Roles

The structure and content of a cover letter may vary depending on the job role you are applying for. Here are three examples of cover letters tailored to different job levels:

Sample Cover Letter 1: Entry-Level Position

Dear Hiring Manager,

I am excited to apply for the entry-level position at XYZ Company. As a recent graduate with a degree in marketing, I am eager to apply my skills and knowledge in a professional setting.

In my previous internships, I have developed a strong understanding of marketing strategies and social media management. I am confident that my ability to learn quickly and work collaboratively will allow me to make a valuable contribution to your team.

Thank you for considering my application.

Sincerely, [Your Name]

Sample Cover Letter 2: Mid-Level Position

I am writing to express my interest in the mid-level position at ABC Corporation. With over five years of experience in project management and team leadership, I believe that I have the skills and expertise necessary to excel in this role.

Throughout my career, I have demonstrated a strong ability to manage complex projects and deliver results on time and within budget. Additionally, my experience in mentoring and coaching team members has allowed me to effectively collaborate with colleagues and foster a positive work environment.

Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to the opportunity to discuss my qualifications further.

Best regards, [Your Name]

Sample Cover Letter 3: Executive Position

Dear [Hiring Manager’s Name],

I am thrilled to apply for the executive position at XYZ Corporation. With over 15 years of experience in executive leadership roles, I possess a deep understanding of organizational strategy, financial management, and stakeholder engagement.

During my tenure at ABC Company, I played a crucial role in driving revenue growth and expanding our market share. My ability to build strong relationships with internal and external stakeholders has been instrumental in achieving these results.

I am confident that my strategic vision and leadership capabilities align with the requirements of this position. Thank you for considering my application.

Best Practices for Writing Cover Letters

To increase your chances of landing the job of your dreams, it’s essential to follow some best practices when it comes to writing your cover letter. Here are some tips to help you succeed:

Do your research before writing

Before you begin drafting your cover letter, you must do your homework. This means researching the company you are applying to, understanding their values, goals, and mission, and reviewing the job description to ensure you understand the skills and requirements the employer is looking for. Armed with this knowledge, you can tailor your cover letter to highlight your most relevant experience and accomplishments.

Use an active and professional tone

When writing your cover letter, it’s important to use an active and professional tone. Avoid using passive language or cliches, and be sure to highlight your enthusiasm for the role and the company. Keep your tone positive and upbeat, and show the employer what sets you apart from other candidates.

Edit and proofread your cover letter

Your cover letter is your chance to make a great first impression with the employer, so it’s crucial to ensure that it is free of errors and typos. Take the time to edit and proofread your document carefully, paying close attention to grammar, punctuation, and spelling. You might even consider having a friend or colleague review your cover letter for feedback.

Follow up with the employer after submitting your application

After submitting your cover letter and resume, it’s a good idea to follow up with the employer within a week or so to show your interest in the position. You might send an email or give the employer a call to inquire about the status of your application and to reiterate your enthusiasm for the role.

By following these best practices for writing cover letters, you’ll be well on your way to crafting a winning application that will help you stand out from the competition. Good luck!

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Cover Letter Format (w/ Examples & Free Templates)

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Give someone who knows nothing about cooking the ingredients to a perfect meal and you’ll end up with a disorganized, very possibly inedible, meal. 

The same disorganized, quite possibly tasteless, fate awaits your cover letter if you don’t know how to properly format it. 

Getting the cover letter format right is the same as having those coveted cooking skills that can turn the right ingredients into a meal that leaves you wanting more.

Now, if you’re wondering whether your formatting skills are enough to impress recruiters, there’s no need to worry. 

This article is going to show you exactly how to format a cover letter the right way. 

Here’s what we’re going to cover: 

  • What Should Go On a Cover Letter?
  • How to Format Your Cover Letter
  • (Free) Cover Letter Templates You Can Use
  • How to Format Your Cover Letter When Sending It Via Email

The Best Cover Letter Format - What Goes on a Cover Letter

Your cover letter’s format is both how your cover letter looks and how it’s structured. 

So, cover letter formatting includes everything from page margins, spacing, and font size to how long your cover letter should be, how many paragraphs it should have, and what each paragraph should contain. 

Pretty substantial, if you ask us - which is exactly why we’ll go over these elements one by one. Before we do, however, let’s first get the essentials out of the way. 

What exactly goes into a cover letter? The short answer is as follows:  

  • A header , which contains your contact information and the employer’s or recruiter’s contact information.
  • A greeting to the recruiter and the opening paragraph , which you want to use to grab the reader’s attention.
  • The body of your cover letter , which is between 1-3 paragraphs.
  • A closing paragraph , which usually contains a call to action.
  • A formal salutation .

And here’s what that looks like in practice: 

cover letter structure

A Look into Your Cover Letter Format, by Section

In theory, all these rules are pretty straightforward...

But if you’ve ever written a cover letter before, you’ll probably agree with us that actually writing one ain’t all that simple.

In this section, we’ll take you through the entire process of creating a cover letter, section by section!

Starting with:

#1. Header 

Your cover letter’s header should contain your contact info, the date, and the hiring manager’s or employer’s contact info. 

If you’re wondering which contact information you should include and which you should leave out, here are the essentials: 

  • Full name and professional title (where applicable) 
  • Phone number
  • Name and professional title of the hiring manager
  • Name of the company you’re applying to 
  • Company address 

Here’s a visual representation of this: 

cover letter header example

If you want to know more about header formatting, such as what you can optionally include and what you should definitely leave out, head over to our guide on how to start a cover letter . 

#2. Greeting 

After listing your contact information, it’s time to address the cover letter . 

First things first: the impersonal and overly popular “To Whom It May Concern” and “Dear Sir/Madam” are yesterday’s news. They’re impersonal and just about every other applicant uses them. 

And you want your cover letter to stand out, right?

So, greet the hiring manager directly, instead. For example: 

Dear Mr. Brown, Dear Mrs. Waldorf,

If, however, you are unsure about their title, gender, marital status, or pronouns, use their entire name to avoid any mistakes, such as: 

Dear Alex Brown, Dear Blair Waldorf,

Alternatively, the recruiter may hold a title, such as Doctor, Professor, or sergeant, or you might be addressing a letter without a contact person. 

In such cases, here are some do-s and don’t-s to keep in mind: 

Dear John Doe, Dear Mr./Mrs. Doe, Dear Dr. Leonard, Dear Rev. Owen, Dear Marketing Hiring Team, Dear Director of Marketing,

To Whom It May Concern, What’s Up Hiring Team, Dear Sir/Madam, Hey John, Hi there Hiring Team,

#3. Opening Paragraph 

The opening paragraph of your cover letter is where the recruiter first gets to really hear your voice. As such, you’ve got to make it count and grab their attention before they move on to the next applicant.  

And how exactly do you do that? Well, for starters, avoid being generic. You don’t want your opening paragraph to sound as if you’re applying to dozens of jobs with the same letter.

Instead, you want your opening paragraph to mention:

  • Your name, profession, and years of experience.
  • 1-2 of your top achievements (to help you stand out).
  • The name of the firm and position you’re applying for.

Here’s what this would look like in a cover letter:

My name is Ellen and I’d like to join Company X as a marketing expert. I believe that my 5+ years of experience as a marketing specialist, as well as my skills in PPC management and copywriting, will help me drive new users to your platform Additionally, I believe that my past experience in the financial industry will help me excel at the role.

Struggling with writing your own cover letter introduction? Check out our guide on how to start a cover letter effectively! 

#4. Cover Letter Body 

The body of your cover letter usually consists of 1-3 paragraphs and is where you convince the recruiter that you're the right person for the job.

We have a few pointers to help you do that:

  • Don’t just rehash your CV. The recruiter already read it. Instead, use your cover letter to elaborate on your achievements and back them up with even more evidence. 
  • Understand the job requirements. Check the requirements for the position in the job listing, see how you can match them with your strengths and qualifications, and use the body of your cover letter to show you’re a good fit for the job. 
  • Research the company. Also important is to show that you match the company’s culture. Read up about the company you’re applying for and learn what’s their product/service, what are they known for, what kind of culture they have, and so on. Then, in your cover letter, mention a bit about the company’s culture and talk about how you’re a good fit.

And here’s hows the body of your cover letter would look like in practice: 

In my previous role as a Marketing Expert, I also handled the company’s Digital Marketing. During the course of one year, I managed the company’s monthly Facebook ad budget, which amounted to $20,000+ and the process of ad creation and management end-to-end. The process involved creating ad copies, images, picking out the targeting, running optimization trials, and so on. 

In addition to Facebook advertising, I am also knowledgeable in other Pay Per Click channels, such as: 

I actually learned a lot about PPC management basics from your company YouTube channel, and really admire how you guys manage your ad accounts. Since I’m already familiar with how Company X handles ads, I believe that I’d be able to really excel at the role.

#5. Closing Paragraph (And a Call to Action) 

Now, how you end a cover letter is just as important as how you start it. 

As you wrap up your cover letter, it’s important to do the following:

  • Mention anything that you couldn’t in the previous paragraphs . If you have anything left to say, mention it here. 
  • Thank the hiring manager for their time . Good manners go a long way. 
  • Finish the cover letter with a call to action . Your cover letter’s last sentence should be a call to action, such as asking the hiring manager to take some sort of action. 

Here’s an example of that: 

In conclusion, thank you for considering my application. I hope I have the chance to help your company take its marketing initiatives to the next level. It would be great to discuss how my experience so far can make that a reality. 

As for your formal salutation, you can use any of the following “tried and tested” greetings: 

  • Best Regards,
  • Kind Regards,

Cover Letter Format Guide 

We went over what goes in your cover letter section by section. However, how your cover letter looks on the outside is just as important. 

Following some standard formatting tips will show the hiring manager that you took the time and put in the effort to hand in the best version of a cover letter, which is sure to help your case. 

Here are the rules that you need to follow: 

  • Keep your cover letter between half and one page in length to make sure the recruiter actually reads the whole thing (if you had to read 100+ cover letters, you’d want applicants to stick to one page too). That’s between 250-400 words long . 
  • Use 1 or 1.5 line spacing throughout your text , and double spacing between paragraphs. 
  • Go for a simple and readable font and set your font size to 11 or 12 pts . Using custom fonts may seem like a good idea, but there’s no guarantee the hiring manager’s computer will have that specific font installed.
  • Save your cover letter in PDF format to make sure the layout stays the same despite the type of software or Operating System (OS) that opens it. 

Or Choose One of Our Cover Letter Templates 

The cover letter is an inseparable part of any application package. As such, you want your cover letter format to be as impeccable as possible. 

And while the formatting rules we’ve listed above aren’t complicated to follow, you’d rather not take any risks with your cover letter format.  

Want to make sure that your cover letter format is impeccable?

Just use a cover letter template!

The format is done for you - all you have to do is fill in the contents. 

cover letter format

Our cover letter templates are well-designed and guaranteed to leave a good impression on the recruiter!

On top of that, all of our templates come with a matching resume template , ensuring that your job application stands out from the rest.

Sending Your Cover Letter Via Email? Here’s How To Do It! 

It’s safe to assume that nowadays, most cover letters are sent via email. That means that you’re probably submitting your email in one of two ways: 

  • Sending it as an email attachment.
  • Uploading it to the company’s webpage.

If that’s the case, you’re good with the formatting rules listed above. 

If, however, you’re sending your cover letter in the body of the email, here’s what you need to do differently: 

  • Write a professional subject line. The best and safest formula is “Name - Position you’re applying to” (e.g. “Helen Simms - Application for Marketing Expert Position”).
  • Remove the header. As the hiring manager’s contact details and the date are no longer necessary, remove the header altogether and place your contact information underneath the formal salutation. 
  • Look out for typos. Check your cover letter and then double-check it. Typing on a keyboard can be tricky; sometimes, a typo might just be a matter of fast typing. Avoid that by being extra careful. 

And you’re about ready to press “Send.”

Key Takeaways

Your cover letter format is a big part of the impression your job application can make. As such, it’s important to get the formatting right. 

Here are the main points this article covers to achieve that: 

  • Make sure to structure your cover letter the right way. 
  • Address your cover letter the right way and write an attention-grabbing opening paragraph.
  • Wrap up your cover letter with a call to action. 
  • Pay attention to the margins, space lining, font size, and cover letter length.
  • If you’re sending your cover letter as the body of your email, make sure to tweak the formatting accordingly.  

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How to Structure a Cover Letter

What to include in each part of a cover letter.

how to structure a cover letter

The Structure of a Cover Letter

  • What to Include in a Cover Letter

Sending an Email Cover Letter

Cover letter template and example.

When  writing a cover letter  to apply for a job, it's important to include all the requisite information clearly and efficiently.

Your cover letter is a way to grab the hiring manager's attention and it's important to be sure that it's polished, professional, and complete with the information the reader expects to see. If any elements are missing, it could even disqualify you from consideration for the job.

A cover letter is comprised of several sections: your contact information, a salutation, the body of the cover letter, an appropriate closing, and a signature.

Review the structure of a cover letter, what to include in each part, and examples.

Your Contact Information

  • What to include: The first section or header includes your contact information: name, address, phone or cell phone number, and your email address. It has also become common to include your LinkedIn address so that employers can immediately access your professional profile, resume, and networking contacts.  In an email, you can also list your contact info below your signature.
  • Choose a style: Go with a simple block, centered header, or get a little fancy with the design if you're sending a hard copy. 
  • Keep it professional: Also, keep in mind that your email address should sound simple and professional. Ideally, it would look like “[email protected].” Never use a “cutesy” email address that refers to your hobbies or political opinions or is off-color—your email address needs to reflect your professional identity, not your sense of humor.

You may want to create an email account dedicated solely to your career search. It can be easier to track all your correspondence when you have a dedicated email address for job hunting.

Employer Contact Information

  • You can also include the employer's contact information. This is most appropriate to include on a formal, hard copy cover letter submitted through snail mail or by hand.
  • If you are sending a job application by email or through an employer’s online application system, it is not as necessary to include this contact information.
  • As a general rule of thumb for email applications, use the formal contact address if you know it, but don’t worry too much about omitting it otherwise.

Cover Letter Salutation

Although you may not need to know whom to address when sending a cover letter via email, getting a name to address your letter to is important. Do your research to avoid having to use the generic " To Whom It May Concern " or "Dear Sir or Madam," which can make things look like you didn't make an effort to learn more about the job or the employer. The best ways to learn contact names are to call an organization’s front office or to review their website.

To get in gear, review samples of  cover letter salutations . If you can't find a contact person, there are options you can use instead .

Cover Letter Body

The body of your cover letter lets the employer know what position you are applying for, why the employer should select you for an interview, and how you will follow up. This section of your cover letter includes:

  • First paragraph : Why you are writing. This is "the grab," your chance to grasp your reader by the collar and get their attention. Offer some specific, focused information regarding the job you're seeking and a few core strengths that demonstrate your suitability for the position.
  • Second paragraph : What you have to offer the employer .  This is your hook where you highlight examples of the work performed and achieved results. Draw on your key competencies from your resume, although don't copy it word for word. Bullet points in this paragraph are extremely effective in drawing your reader's eye to your successes.
  • Third paragraph : Your knowledge of the company. Show that you did your research and know something about the business and how you can contribute to its mission.
  • Fourth paragraph : Your closing. Summarize what you would bring to the position and suggest next steps by requesting a meeting or suggesting a call.

You can boldface quantifiable achievements like YOY sales figures in order to make these “pop” on the page.

Finish your letter with a formal closing like "Sincerely" or "Yours truly." A cover letter is professional correspondence, so don't use informal closings like "Cheers" in the letters you write to apply for jobs.

Your Signature 

How you sign your cover letter will depend if you're sending a paper or email letter. If you're sending a paper letter, type your name after the salutation, leaving a space for your handwritten signature. If you're sending an email cover letter, type your name and contact information after your salutation.

Signature for a Hard Copy Letter Example

Mary Barnes (Your Signature)

Mary Barnes

Email Letter Signature Example

Mary Barnes Address City, State Zip Email Phone

When you're sending a cover letter via email, include your name and the job you're applying for in the subject line of the message. That way, you'll be sure your message gets opened and read.

Subject: Mary Barnes - Marketing Assistant Position

Download a cover letter template (compatible with Google Docs and Word Online) or see below for more examples.

Cover Letter Example

Lucius Applicant 123 Main Street Anytown, CA 12345 555-555-5555 lucius.applicant@email.com

August 12, 2020

William Lee Lead Mechanic Acme Auto 123 Business Rd. Business City, NY 54321 

Dear Mr. Lee:

I’m writing to apply for the position of diesel mechanic at the City Transit Agency, as advertised on the city’s careers web page. I’ve included my resume for your consideration.

In addition to experience as a diesel mechanic, I have an excellent knowledge of gasoline engines and electric systems, and I hold a CDL drivers license. Most recently, I worked for Trailer Transfer in Middletown as their lead diesel mechanic. While I was there, I developed a training program for new hires. However, I had to leave my job due to a move to your city.

Thank you for your time and consideration. I will follow up next week to see if I can offer any more information about my skills and experience. My cell phone is 555-555-5555 and my email is lucius.applicant@email.com. 

Best regards,

Lucius Applicant (Signature hard copy letter)

Lucius Applicant

Need more examples? Here are more cover letter examples , including templates you can customize to create your own cover letters.

how to structure a cover letter

How to Write an Incredible Cover Letter

A comprehensive guide on the best structure for your cover letter, what to include and tips to make your application stand-out.


Cover Letter Structure

While a resume merely states facts about you, the cover letter allows you to tell the full story of why you’re the ideal candidate for the job.

This article will walk you through how to write the best cover letter to maximize your chances of getting through to the next stage of the application process. To provide a detailed example, it will focus on a cover letter for the McKinsey business analyst role.

Generally, a cover letter is structured in the following way:

  • Why this company/ position
  • Why you're the right candidate

Cover Letter Section Breakdown

Those paragraphs should make up a one-page cover letter and it’s not recommended to have anything longer than that. Remember to break the letter down into a few paragraphs so that it is easy for the recruiters to read and navigate.

Let’s get into the details of each section.

Cover Letter Header

The header is fairly straight forward. On one side you will have the recruiter’s contact details, and on the other side you’ll have yours. (See the picture below for the layout). Remember to keep the email appropriate and formal, probably best not to use the one you created when you were 12.

If you don’t know the recruiter’s information don’t worry, either put the name and address of the company, or just delete that section.

Cover Letter Template Header Section

Cover Letter Opening

The first big section is the introduction, where you want to explain who you are. For example, you could be a third year student at Harvard University majoring in Economics, or a working professional in Google’s engineering team. Then, you want to mention the specific position you’re applying to and show enthusiasm.

It is also common to have a hook here to grab the attention of the recruiter. This could be mentioning an accomplishment, recent news about the company, or it’s popular to mention a mutual connection if you have one. This could be as simple as “after attending a career fair at my university and speaking with Bill Smith, a management consultant at McKinsey, I was very impressed to hear about McKinsey’s unique company culture. Specifically…” .

By writing this the person is able to demonstrate that they’ve done their homework, as they’ve gone out of their way to meet McKinsey representatives at a career fair, and even managed to talk with Bill about what the company’s culture is like. It also encourages the recruiter to keep reading in order to find out what this applicant means by McKinsey’s unique company culture.

If you can use a hook, that’s great, but it’s not going to damage your cover letter if you don’t include one.

Cover Letter Template Opening Section

Why this Company & Position

In this section you want to explain your motivations for applying to this role. When doing research for this part it’s useful to read the companies about page, and the job description. For example, if you were applying to McKinsey’s business analyst role, from their website you could discover that the company places a big emphasis on developing their employees, since they provide training, mentoring, and leadership opportunities.

  • Why this company. Mention your findings from the website by saying “I am attracted to McKinsey as junior employees receive training, mentoring, and substantial responsibilities to continue growing their career at the company” .
  • Why this role. Look at some of the bullet points that describe the tasks and requirements of the position. For the McKinsey role the description indicates a focus on problem solving, working with teams, and presenting effectively. From this you could write “the business analyst role is particularly appealing to me as it offers the challenge of solving complex problems, the opportunity to collaborate as a team, and the chance to communicate our findings effectively to senior management” .
  • Bonus answer. Mention specific news articles that the company you’re applying to has been involved in. For example, in the case of McKinsey, it could be some of the strategic solutions that they proposed to a client and how that’s changed their negative dynamic into a more positive one. Also, if you name drop specific clients they’ve worked with and helped improve, that shows you’ve done your homework. This is important as you want to show that your cover letter is tailored for McKinsey, and not just a generic one.

Cover Letter Template Why Section

Why you are the Ideal Candidate

This section is essentially your sales pitch. It’s where you highlight why you, this company, and this position are the perfect match.

  • Look at the job description and requirements. For the McKinsey business analyst role, the description shows that they are looking for people that can break down and solve problems through quantitative analysis, and that they should be comfortable with ambiguous and ever-changing situations.
  • Find relevant personal examples. For instance, this could be “this past summer, I interned at an NGO fighting poverty, where I was involved in solving the complicated logistics of delivering perishable food to people in need across the city. I created an excel model that predicted the departure and arrival times of each food container, allowing us to efficiently transport food to over 50,000 people, with savings worth $10,000 a year.”

This example is made up, but it highlights that you tackled a complicated problem that was ever-changing, by applying excel, an analytical tool to solve it. The answer also quantifies the results to give the recruiter an idea of size and detailed context.

As you can see from this example, even though McKinsey is a management consulting company and this internship was at an NGO, if presented in this way, there are quite a few transferable skills. Whilst this is an example of a job, it could be an extracurricular project or university coursework if you don’t have much work experience yet.

  • Avoid this common mistake. Don't apologize for a lack of experience. People often put “although I have limited professional experience, I believe that my relevant courses in university provide the necessary knowledge to succeed in this position” . However, there’s no need to mention that you have limited professional experience as you are just highlighting your weaknesses when they haven’t even asked for it.
  • Pull on the educational experience you already have. For example, “I’m excited to apply the business theory I have learned at university in a practical environment such as this business analyst position” . Now instead of highlighting your weaknesses, you’re able to show how you can transfer your theoretical skills into practical ones.

There’s no clear rule on how many paragraphs this section should be, so as long as it strengthens your application and doesn’t go over the 1-page mark, feel free to include it. However, try not repeat your resume in bulk, just highlight certain positions and skills you gained for them, and only add experiences that are relevant for the job.

Cover Letter Template Ideal Section

Cover Letter Closing

There are two main things you want to address in the closing section. First, you want to reiterate that you’re the right candidate for the role, and then thank the recruiters for their time.

The first part could be something along the lines of “I am confident that my background, education, and work experience will yield the right set of skills for the Business Analyst role at McKinsey in NYC.” This briefly summarizes the points you’ve mentioned in the cover letter, and clearly states which role you are applying for, creating a full loop from the introduction paragraph.

For the second part, this only needs to be a brief sentence, along the lines of “thank you very much for your time and consideration in reviewing my application.”

Cover Letter Template Closing Section

Once you have a cover letter and a storyline that you’re happy with, then you can recycle its content. For example, you can take a portion of the cover letter when sending out a cold email asking for a job, or you can also use it to answer the “tell me about yourself” question during an interview, or even have it on your LinkedIn “about” page.

Taking the time to draft a strong cover letter is important as it can become a useful resource.

Finally, do you need to update your cover letter for each application you send?

Ideally, you would have a few different cover letter templates by industry. For example, if you’re a business student interested in finance, accounting, and consulting, you’d have three different templates. Obviously, the skills for an accounting and consulting job will differ quite a bit so it makes sense to have different templates. However, if you’re looking at two management consulting jobs at Deloitte and at EY , they probably have similar requirements, and you can getaway with using the same template and modifying a few words here and there.

Many people recommend that you tailor your cover letter to each application, but realistically if you’re applying to 50 roles, it will take you a while and it won’t necessarily be time efficient to make 50 completely different cover letters.

Additional Resources

If you want to develop the technical skills you'll need to become a stronger job applicant, take a look at our Excel for Business & Finance Course , our Complete Finance & Valuation Course and other courses using the get started button below.

Other Articles You Might Find Helpful

  • How to Write the Perfect Resume
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  • Must Know Finance Interview Questions


Building a cash flow statement from scratch using a company income statement and balance sheet is one of the most fundamental finance exercises commonly used to test interns and full-time professionals at elite level finance firms.

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    1. Personalization. Address the hiring manager or recruiter by name whenever possible. If the job posting doesn't include a name, research to find out who will be reviewing applications. Personalizing your cover letter shows that you've taken the time to tailor your application to the specific company and role. 2.

  3. How to Write a Cover Letter for a Job in 2024

    Learn how to structure a cover letter with seven simple steps, from contact details to closing paragraph. See examples, tips, and templates for different types of cover letters.

  4. How to Write a Cover Letter [Full Guide & Examples for 2024]

    start your cover letter. with your contact details at the top. These should be in your cover letter's header, separated neatly from the bulk of your text. Here, you want to include all the essential contact information, including: Full Name. Your first and last name should stand out at the top. Job Title.

  5. How To Write a Cover Letter (With Examples and Tips)

    Cover letter format. Your cover letter should be one page long and use a simple, professional font, such as Arial or Helvetica, 10 to 12 points in size. Your letter should be left-aligned with single spacing and one-inch margins. Jenn shares her advice on how and why to write a cover letter.

  6. How to Write a Cover Letter (Expert Tips & Examples)

    Place your name, city, state, ZIP code, phone number and email address in your cover letter heading. Your email address should be professional like "[email protected]," and not personal like "[email protected]." Include links to your LinkedIn profile or professional online portfolio if you have one.

  7. How to Write A Cover Letter in 2022 (6 Tips

    Visually Match Your Resumé. The heading of your letter should correlate with your resumé, the font should be the same and the paper (if you're printing it) should also be the same. Along with your resume, your cover letter is part of a pair, and this pair should be visually consistent.

  8. How To Write the Perfect Cover Letter (With Template and Example)

    Include the name of the person to whom you are writing as well as the company name and address just above the salutation. In the salutation, greet the hiring manager by name. If you don't know the name of the person, consider greeting the hiring department or the department with which you would be working if hired. 3.

  9. How to Write a Standout Cover Letter in 2022

    Step 2: Add your contact info. At the top of your cover letter, you should list out your basic info. You can even copy the same heading from your resume if you'd like. Some contact info you might include (and the order you might include it in) is: Your name. Your pronouns (optional)

  10. How to Write a Cover Letter

    Before you start writing, find out more about the company and the specific job you want. Next, catch the attention of the hiring manager or recruiter with a strong opening line. If you have a ...

  11. How to Format Your Cover Letter in 2023

    Papadopoulos suggests decreasing the header space first. Alignment: All your text should be left aligned and there's no need to indent every paragraph. Line spacing: Single space your cover letter (1.15 spacing works if it looks too cramped). Include an extra line between each section and paragraph.

  12. How to Format a Cover Letter in 2024

    Here's a breakdown of how a cover letter should be structured: 1. Add your name and contact information to the header. At the top of your cover letter, include the following information: Name: Your full name should be the focal point of your cover letter's header, so use a large font size and bold text. Phone number.

  13. How to Structure a Cover Letter in 2024: 10+ Proper Examples

    Sample Cover Letter 1: Entry-Level Position. Dear Hiring Manager, I am excited to apply for the entry-level position at XYZ Company. As a recent graduate with a degree in marketing, I am eager to apply my skills and knowledge in a professional setting.

  14. Cover Letter Format (w/ Examples & Free Templates)

    Check out our guide on how to start a cover letter effectively! #4. Cover Letter Body. The body of your cover letter usually consists of 1-3 paragraphs and is where you convince the recruiter that you're the right person for the job. We have a few pointers to help you do that: Don't just rehash your CV.

  15. How to Write a Cover Letter in 2024: A Step-by-Step Guide

    Here are 9 steps you can take to make sure you're headed in the right direction: Step 1. Do your research. Before writing your cover letter, thoroughly read the job description and the requirements for the job. Melanie Denny, award-winning resume expert, likens the job description to your cover letter cheat sheet.

  16. How to Structure a Cover Letter

    Learn the basic parts of a cover letter and how to write each one effectively. Find out how to format, address, and send a cover letter by email or snail mail.

  17. The Ultimate Cover Letter Format & Structure Guide (+ Examples)

    How to format cover letter spacing properly: Leave space between each section (i.e., date, recipient's address, salutation, body paragraphs, closing, and sign-off.) Use business letter format spacing: 1 or 1.15. 🖋 Margins & Alignment. Align your text to the left and use standard 1"-1.5" margins for all four sides.

  18. How to structure a cover letter (With example)

    Learn how to write a cover letter with three paragraphs that highlight your skills and fit for the job. See a sample cover letter and tips on format, font, spacing and more.

  19. How to Format a Cover Letter: Examples & Tips for 2024

    Set the font size to 11 or 12 pt. Make sure you add a blank line between paragraphs. Align the paragraphs to the left—justifying looks good in newspapers, not in business letters. Expert Hint: Save your cover letter as a PDF file so that it looks the same on all devices.

  20. How to Format a Cover Letter: Examples for 2024

    This is how you should format a cover letter for an internship: Put your name, field of study, and contact information at the top. Address the cover letter to the hiring manager or internship coordinator. Add the date. Use a professional greeting and the hiring manager's name.

  21. How to Write an Incredible Cover Letter

    Cover Letter Structure. While a resume merely states facts about you, the cover letter allows you to tell the full story of why you're the ideal candidate for the job. This article will walk you through how to write the best cover letter to maximize your chances of getting through to the next stage of the application process. To provide a ...

  22. How to write the perfect cover letter (With examples)

    Learn how to structure a cover letter with a guide, tips, a template and examples. A cover letter is a document that highlights your skills and achievements for a job application.

  23. How to Write an Effective Cover Letter for Career Changers

    As a candidate making a career shift, it will benefit you most to focus your cover letter on mapping the soft skills you've already demonstrated to the new career you're pursuing. Soft skills are highly transferable, even across industries. "If you were a Chef, for instance, you have experience with working under pressure," says Jean.

  24. How to Write a Cover Letter When You're Changing Careers (Sample + Tips

    Let's review four key pieces of information you can weave into your career change cover letter. 1. Clarify your career change context. Explaining why you're interested in changing careers and how the role you're applying to fits within your larger career aspirations can preemptively contextualize your story.

  25. Resumes & Cover Letters

    135. When writing a cover letter or resume, choose a simple format and font. Lead with your accomplishments, rather than just the things you've done. Include details of the work that's related to what you want to do next, and always proofread your resume and cover letter before submitting a job application.

  26. How to write a dental receptionist cover letter (With examples)

    Here is a cover letter template you can use to create your own cover letter: [Your name] [City, postcode] [Your phone number] [Your email] [Today's date] [Recipient's Name] [Recipient's Company] Dear [Recipient's Name], I am writing to apply for the dental receptionist position advertised in [place where you saw the posting].