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Essay on Noise Pollution: 100, 300 and 500 Words


  • Updated on  
  • Sep 8, 2023

Essay on Noise Pollution

Noise pollution, an insidious environmental menace, refers to the excessive and undesirable sound that disrupts the tranquillity of our surroundings. Often originating from urban areas, transportation, industries, and recreational activities, noise pollution has far-reaching implications on human health and well-being. 

noise pollution project essay

Prolonged exposure to high noise levels can lead to stress, sleep disturbances, hearing impairment, and even cardiovascular problems. Moreover, it disturbs the natural habitat of wildlife and affects the overall quality of life. In this blog, we will give you a 100, 300, and 500-word essay on noise pollution. 

Also Read: Essay on Global Warming

100 Words Essay on Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is a pressing environmental issue that has detrimental effects on human health and well-being. It refers to our surroundings’ excessive, unwanted, and disturbing sounds. These sounds can originate from various sources, such as traffic, industrial machinery, construction, and even recreational activities.

Exposure to high levels of noise pollution can lead to several health problems, including hearing loss, increased stress, sleep disturbances, and cardiovascular issues. Additionally, it can disrupt communication, hinder concentration, and decrease overall quality of life.

To mitigate noise pollution, it’s essential to implement sound regulations and promote noise-reducing technologies in urban planning and infrastructure development . Public awareness and responsible behaviour, such as reducing unnecessary honking and limiting loud activities during nighttime hours, also play a crucial role in combating this problem.

In conclusion, addressing noise pollution is vital for creating healthier, more livable urban environments and improving the overall well-being of communities.

Also Read: Essay on Pollution 

300 Words Essay on Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is a pervasive and often underestimated environmental issue that has a significant impact on the quality of life in urban areas. It refers to the excessive, unwanted, and disruptive sounds that fill our surroundings, leading to a wide range of physical, psychological, and social problems.

Sources of Noise Pollution

One of the primary sources of noise pollution in urban settings is traffic. The constant roar of engines, honking horns, and screeching brakes can be overwhelming. Industrial activities also contribute significantly, with the relentless hum of machinery and construction sites adding to the cacophony. In addition to these, social and recreational activities, such as concerts, parties, and even barking dogs, can add to the noise burden.

Consequences of Noise Pollution

The consequences of noise pollution are far-reaching. Physiologically, exposure to high noise levels can lead to hearing loss, elevated stress levels, and an increased risk of cardiovascular problems. It can disrupt sleep patterns, leading to chronic fatigue and irritability. Noise pollution can also impair cognitive functions and hinder concentration, impacting productivity and academic performance .

Moreover, noise pollution has social implications. It can strain relationships among neighbours, causing conflicts and reducing the sense of community. Children growing up in noisy environments may experience delays in language development and learning difficulties. Additionally, it affects wildlife, disrupting their natural habitats and communication.

How to Reduce Noise Pollution

Addressing noise pollution requires a multifaceted approach. Urban planning and zoning regulations can play a crucial role in minimizing noise exposure for residents. The development of noise barriers, quieter road surfaces, and improved public transportation can help mitigate the problem. Promoting the use of noise-reducing technologies, such as quieter machinery and better-insulated buildings, is also essential.

Individual responsibility is equally vital. Reducing unnecessary honking, limiting loud activities during nighttime hours, and using noise-cancelling headphones are practical steps individuals can take to reduce their contribution to noise pollution.

In conclusion, noise pollution poses a growing threat to urban life, affecting physical and mental health, social harmony, and overall well-being. To combat this issue effectively, a combination of government regulations, technological advancements, and individual awareness and responsibility is needed. 

500 Words Essay on Noise Pollution


Noise pollution encompasses unwanted and disruptive sounds generated by various sources, including transportation, industrial activities, and recreational events. 

This essay explores the causes, effects, and solutions to noise pollution, emphasizing the pressing need for collective action to mitigate its adverse impact on modern urban life.

Causes of Noise Pollution

1. Transportation: Urban areas are characterized by constant traffic flow, which is a primary source of noise pollution. The incessant rumble of engines, screeching tires, and incessant honking contribute significantly to the overall noise levels.

2. Industrial Activities: Industries and factories, often concentrated in urban zones, generate noise through the operation of heavy machinery, equipment, and manufacturing processes. Construction activities, with their bulldozers and pile drivers, are particularly notorious for their noise emissions.

3. Recreational Activities: Urban centres are hubs of entertainment and recreation, hosting concerts, sporting events, and social gatherings. These activities generate high levels of noise, especially when amplified music or cheering crowds are involved.

Effects of Noise Pollution

1. Health Implications: Prolonged exposure to high noise levels can lead to severe health problems. Hearing impairment is a common consequence, with noise-induced hearing loss being a well-documented issue. Noise pollution is also linked to increased stress, anxiety, and elevated blood pressure, which can escalate the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

2. Sleep Disturbances: Noise pollution disrupts sleep patterns, leading to chronic sleep disturbances. Poor sleep quality can result in fatigue, irritability, and decreased cognitive performance, affecting overall productivity and well-being.

3. Cognitive Impairment: Noise pollution impairs cognitive functions, making it difficult to concentrate and focus. This can hinder academic performance and reduce workplace productivity.

Solutions to Noise Pollution

1. Urban Planning: Thoughtful urban planning and zoning regulations are essential to mitigate noise pollution. Separating industrial areas from residential zones, implementing noise-buffering green spaces, and designing soundproofed buildings can significantly reduce noise exposure.

2. Noise Barriers: Erecting noise barriers along highways and busy roads can shield residential areas from traffic noise. These barriers are designed to absorb or reflect sound waves, reducing their impact.

3. Quiet Transportation: Promoting quieter modes of transportation, such as electric vehicles and hybrid engines, can substantially reduce noise pollution. Improved public transportation can also reduce the number of private vehicles on the road.

Noise pollution poses a significant threat to urban life, affecting physical and mental health, social harmony, and overall well-being. 

To effectively combat this issue, concerted efforts are required at the individual, community, and government levels. Implementing noise-reducing technologies, adopting responsible behaviour, and enacting sound urban planning policies are steps toward creating quieter, healthier, and more livable urban environments for all. 

Also Read: Essay on Sustainable Development: Format; Examples

Ans. The primary sources of noise pollution include transportation, industrial activities, and recreational events. Transportation-related noise comes from vehicles on roads, railways, and aircraft in the sky. Industrial activities generate noise through machinery, equipment, and construction. Recreational events like concerts, sporting events, and social gatherings also contribute to noise pollution.

Ans. Noise pollution can have adverse effects on human health. Prolonged exposure to high noise levels can lead to hearing loss, increased stress, anxiety, and elevated blood pressure. It can disrupt sleep patterns, resulting in chronic fatigue and irritability. Noise pollution can also impair cognitive functions, making it challenging to concentrate and focus, which can impact productivity and overall well-being.

Ans. To reduce noise pollution, several measures can be implemented. These include: 1. Urban Planning: Thoughtful urban planning and zoning regulations can separate noisy industrial areas from residential zones and incorporate green spaces to buffer noise. 2. Noise Barriers: Installing noise barriers along highways and busy roads can shield residential areas from traffic noise by absorbing or reflecting sound waves. 3. Quiet Transportation: Promoting quieter transportation options like electric vehicles and hybrid engines can reduce noise emissions.

We hope that this blog on Noise Pollution has given you some known and unknown facts and secrets about Noise Pollution.  For more amazing reads on essay writing , follow Leverage Edu. 

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A bachelors in Journalism and Mass Communication graduate, I am an enthusiastic writer. I love to write about impactful content which can help others. I love to binge watch and listen to music during my free time.

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Noise Pollution: Effects, Causes, and Potential Solutions Essay

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Effects of noise pollution, causes of noise pollution, potential solutions, works cited.

Some people may frown upon it, while others might nod their heads with their whole-hearted smile on their faces – no matter which category you belong to, as a person, especially as a person who must live in a neighborhood, the quality of the neighborhood has always been an important issue to be concerned about when you are looking for a place to live. For most people, the quality of the neighborhood is at the center of attention even more than the quality of the living spaces. As much as a good neighborhood can positively affect our mental and physical health and improve the quality of our lives, a bad neighborhood can increase anxiety among neighbors and can decrease their lives’ efficiency. Although there exist lots of problems that need to be solved in every neighborhood, noise pollution, no matter whether this noise is made by your neighbors or the surrounding environment, is with no doubt the most important issue in almost all neighborhoods. First, it is essential to investigate the reasons why noise is an important issue in almost every neighborhood and then explore the main contributing causes of the noise problem.

The first and also foremost reason why noise is an important issue in neighborhoods lies in the inevitable fact that noise pollution can have negative effects on our physical health. Living in a noisy area can affect the quality of people’s sleep, daily activities, and even general physical health factors. According to the International Program on Chemical Safety, “an adverse effect of noise is defined as a change in the morphology and physiology of organism that results in an impairment of functional capacity, or an impairment of capacity to compensate for additional stress or increases the susceptibility of the organism to harmful effects of other environmental influences” (Siano). Environmental noise exposure is responsible for a range of health effects, including increased risk of ischemic heart disease as well as sleep disturbance, cognitive impairment among children, annoyance, stress-related mental health risks, and tinnitus. This noise pollution becomes more important when we look at the noise level in residential neighbors where people spend most of their time.

For instance, “the health risks caused by noise pollution in high income European countries account for a loss of 1-1.6 million disability adjusted life years (DALYs) – a standard measure of healthy years of life lost to illness, disability, or early death” (Siano). Also, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), “noise pollution is one of the most dangerous environmental threats to health” (IBERDROLA). Moreover, according to the European Environmental Agency (EEA), “noise is responsible for 16,600 premature deaths and more than 72,000 hospitalizations every year in Europe alone” (IBERDROLA). Not only noise pollution can cause health issues for human, but it has a devastating impact on animals as well. According to the National Park Services (NPS) in the United States, “noise pollution has an enormous environmental impact and does serious damages to wildlife” (IBERDROLA). Most of the experts say that noise pollution can interfere with breeding cycles and rearing, and it is even hastening the extinction of some animal species. Therefore, noise pollution can not only affect mental health, but it can also affect our physical health.

Another reason, which is as important as the preceding one, if not more, is that noisy neighborhoods can substantively affect the efficiency of people’s work and their daily life activities. In the present day, the amount of noise in a living neighborhood becomes even more important since most of the people are forced to work from home due to the rules that companies made for their employees during the pandemic. To elucidate, the noisier a neighborhood is, the harder it becomes to concentrate on the activities that neighbors do, especially for the employees who work from home. The lower efficiency of activities will result in the lower efficient people in society. Moreover, the lower efficient people in society become more anxious and depressed as they see their activity outputs. Based on the report of the IKO Community Management survey, “48 percent of all survey takers said noise is number one complaint among the people who live in a neighborhood in large cities, whether this noise is from raucous late-night parties or opposite sleep schedules that result in one neighbor waking up the other” (IKO Community Management). As an illustration of the effect of noise pollution in the community that I live in, we always see struggling between the people who work at home during the day and the teenagers who play loud music and have parties at their apartment. Once, our neighbor, Larry, who is a programmer, complained to the community management office about George, a young boy who invites his friend to their apartment any time of the day to play loud music and laugh loudly. Larry told me, “it is important that people like George be aware of the rights of other people who live in the same area with them” (Pileggi). Therefore, noise pollution can affect our mental concentration level and efficiency at work.

After understanding the effects of noise on the neighbors, it is highly essential to explore the main contributing causes of noise. In comparison with ancient times when there were not many sources causing noise, these days, multiple different causes of noise exist. These causes can range from natural environment causes to human-generated causes. Although nature can make noises caused by animals and natural effects, human-generated noises are usually more dangerous and annoying. From a personal perspective, the most important three causes of noise that are also generated by humans are traffic and transportation noise, construction sites, and nightlife, though noise can come from a variety of other places as well.

Among these three sources of noise, I believe that the first and the most important cause of the noise is traffic and transportation noise. Without a doubt, we all live in homes that are close to at least one street or one alley. Living close to streets or alleys will cause being affected by the noise that is generated by passing cars. Moreover, some homes are close to bus stations or railroads, which means that people who live in these apartments suffer from louder noises generated by these huge public transportation facilities. According to the IBERDROLA, “a car horn produces 90 dB of noise and a bus produces 100 dB of noise.” On the basis of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) definition of noise, if we consider noise above 65 dB as noise pollution, this generated transportation noise can have a negative effect on our health. To be precise, noise becomes harmful when it exceeds 75 dB, and it will become painful if it is above 120 dB.

According to WHO, “it is recommended that noise levels to be kept below 65 dB during the day and 30 dB during nighttime” (WHO). A worse case is living close to the rail yard, as neighbors of the rail yard suffer from a higher level of noise pollution. Based on the interview that has been done about pros and cons of living close to a major rail yard, the interviewees felt that despite the fact that “the rail yard had a positive reputation and was highly valued for the jobs and economic growth it provides, it was also perceived, however, as a major contributor to the surrounding air quality as well as the noise pollution” (Spencer-Hwang). Several participants believed that “living in such close proximity to the rail yard had caused ailments in family, friends, and neighbors, as well as themselves” (Spencer-Hwang). Moreover, transportation noise can cause health-related issues, as previously discussed ones. According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Clark et al. 2017 found “an increasing risk of diabetes with increasing exposure to transportation noise, but not with increasing exposure to traffic-related air pollutions.” In their study, noise pollution was independently associated with the incidence of diabetes in adult residents of metropolitan Vancouver, British Columbia (Clark). Therefore, transportation noise is not only unacceptable for most of the neighbors, but it is also risky for our health.

As the second source of noise, which is not as common as the first resource, we can consider construction. You may have experienced construction noise, even in the early morning, that affected your sleep quality and caused you to wake up because of this construction noise. Although not all the neighbors are close to construction zones and construction noise is not a common cause of the noise, building, car park construction, and road and pavement resurfacing generate an even greater amount of noise, with noise level even higher than transportation. As an example, according to IBERDROLA, “a pneumatic drill produces 110 dB noise,” which is higher than the noise that is generated by car horns and buses. Whether self-inflicted or common, everyday living noise can cause temporary or permanent deafness. When one is around noise for long periods of time, the risk of deafness is increased. “Construction noise has become the second most serious acoustic pollution in many cities, which could cause significant health damage and social costs. In addition, housing renovation and construction noise, which has rarely been investigated before, is a significant covariate of a wide range of mental health symptoms” (Ma). Specifically, as big cities are experiencing rapid urbanization processes, there are numerous ongoing construction projects that have led to an increase in environmental complaints, and construction noise has become a serious problem in the majority of big cities. For example, among people at higher risk of health problems caused by construction noise, “construction workers are at increased risk for being hearing impaired” (Cunningham). Therefore, construction as the second cause of the noise can result in serious mental and physical health problems as well.

The third cause of the noise is related to the nightlife. Humans have been created to live in social groups naturally. That is why all of us spend most of our time and socialize with our friends and family. However, sometimes this socialization can affect other people, especially if gatherings and socialization are generating loud noise and we are not paying attention to the others living close to us. Especially, a person who lives close to bars, restaurants, and clubs will feel noise that is generated by socialization and gatherings much more. According to IBERDROLA, “bars, restaurants, and terraces that spill outside when the weather is good can produce more than 100 dB noise. This includes noise from pubs and clubs”. According to Peplow et al., “sustained exposure to noise in areas close to public places also has been correlated with cognitive impairment and behavioral problems in children, as well as the more obvious hearing damage and sleep deprivation”. The European Environment Agency (EAA) has blamed “900 thousand cases of high blood pressure (hypertension), 43 thousand hospital admissions and 10 thousand cases of premature deaths a year in Europe on noise”. As a real example, I talked to our neighbor, Mr. Smith, about the reason of his high blood pressure. He told me that “the doctor told me that the main reason of my high blood pressure is living in the busiest part of the Santa Monica area. To decrease my blood pressure, the doctor recommended my wife and me to move to a suburb area”. Therefore, living close to the places that are designed specifically for nightlife can increase the risk of being affected by noise pollution.

Having scrutinized the issue, although people’s ideas vary on different points of the spectrum regarding the noise pollution issue in a neighborhood, I strongly believe that noise pollution is the first and most important issue that should be solved because of its destructive effects on mental and physical health. Although there exist many causes for noise pollution, I believe that transportation noise as the first and the most important cause, construction, and night life are the three most important causes of noise pollution. Hence, I think the explanation that I have provided above in favor of the destructive effects and the main causes of noise pollution are much stronger.

After finding out that all types of noise in living areas have an immeasurably negative impact on people’s health, work efficiency, and daily life activities, I see that the potential solutions to the problem of noise pollution are to either control its level by the government or allow people to use various techniques in order to decrease the level of noise independently. However, as the government cannot apply effective measures to all areas where people live, citizens’ individual measures will be more efficient.

It goes without saying that noise pollution has already become an international problem as almost all big cities across the globe face it. In general, the most common measures aimed to reduce the level of noise include the limitation of noisy leisure activities, especially at night, the use of bicycles instead of cars, environmental education, and the insulation of houses with noise-absorbing materials (IBERDROLA). As a matter of fact, governmental policies may ensure noise control and correct control management by area protection and sustainable building construction. For instance, the United States Environmental Protection Agency established the Office of Noise Abatement and Control (ONAC) under the Clean Air Act to study noise pollution and investigate its impact on the public health and people’s welfare (EPA). Since 1972, ONAC had been operating “to coordinate federal monitoring and regulation of noise at its source and facilitate informed policy-making at the state and local levels” (APHA).

The Office’s scope was expanded in 1978 by Congress that passed the Quiet Communities Act, including research funding and public health education dedicated to noise pollution (APHA). In general, ONAC created model noise ordinances, issued standards for local governments, and promulgated guidance documents in accordance with recommended or already existing exposure levels. In general, the governmental response includes appropriate planning policies and the introduction of the standards of sustainable construction in order to reduce the level of noise from the external environment in living buildings. In addition, the level of noise in residential buildings should be reduced as well according to the Building Regulations Approved Document E (Simonsen).

At the same time, governmental control cannot be regarded as a highly efficient measure. First of all, in 1981, the Administration decided that all issues related to noise pollution should be monitored by state and local governments (EPA). That is why, due to funding limitations, ONAC was closed. As a result, since 1986, no standards, regulations, or rules have been promulgated to limit sources of noise in electronics, appliances, industry, recreational items, or machinery (APHA). In addition, contemporary measures are not fully efficient due to their limited scope. In other words, only such territories as city parks, areas of natural interest, and new parts of the city may be protected (IBERDROLA). As a result, the majority of districts, especially old ones with established infrastructure, will be left without any changes. In addition, the idea of the construction of houses with the use of noise-absorbing materials is relevant only for new buildings. Thus, old buildings will be unprotected, and the level of noise in them will remain the same. Consequently, people who live in old districts with established infrastructure will suffer from the same levels of noise until they solve this issue by themselves.

That is why private measures that aim to reduce noise pollution for individuals and families who apply them are more efficient in comparison with policies that cannot affect all people. In other words, citizens may apply multiple useful, cost-effective techniques in order to reduce noise pollution in their apartments by themselves. The measures include the installation of acoustic wall panels, window shutters, or noise-blocking doors, placing furniture strategically, and turning off electrical appliances that constantly produce noise as well (JosTec). Noise cancelling headphones or earplugs may serve as a short-term solution in the case of construction work. Due to them, people will have a good sleep at night. Moreover, such design elements as wall hangings and carpets or rugs help reduce the level of noise. In addition, planting bushes and trees around the house by community members will reduce noise pollution and improve air quality as well. All these techniques may be defined as an excellent alternative for all people living in big cities, especially for those ones who cannot afford to move to another area protected from noise pollution.

APHA. “Environmental Noise Pollution Control.” 2013, Web.

Clark, Charlotte. “Association of Long-Term Exposure to Transportation Noise and Traffic-Related Air Pollution with the Incidence of Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study” , Environmental Health Perspectives , vol. 125, no. 8, 2017, pp. 087025-087025. Web.

Cunningham, William P. “Noise Pollution” , The Gale Encyclopedia of Environmental Health , col. 2, 2 nd Ed., 2019, Web.

EEA. “Noise in Europe 2014”, EEA Report 10 , 2014, Web.

EPA. “Clean Air Act Title IV – Noise Pollution.” Web.

IBERDROLA. “Noise Pollution: How to Reduce the Impact of an Invisible Threat?” Web.

IKO Community Management. “8 Of The Most Common Neighbor Disputes (And How To Handle Them),” 2017, Web.

JosTec. “How to Reduce Noise Pollution.” Web.

Ma, Jing. “A Multilevel Analysis of Perceived Noise Pollution, Geographic Contexts and Mental Health in Beijing” , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 15, no. 7, 2018, p. 1479. Web.

Peplow, Andrew. “Noise Annoyance in the UAE: A Twitter Case Study via a Data-Mining Approach” , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 18 no. 4, 2021, p. 2198. Web.

Pileggi, Larry. Personal Interview . 2021.

Siano, Daniela. “Noise and Environment.” IntechOpen, 2021, Web.

Simonsen, Jan. “How Can the Government Reduce Noise Pollution?” Rockwool , 2019, Web.

Spencer-Hwang, Rhonda. “Experiences of a Rail Yard Community: Life Is Hard.” Journal of Environmental Health , vol. 77, no. 2, 2014. Web.

World Health Organization (WHO). “Guideline Values of Noise”, 1995, Web.

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IvyPanda. (2022, October 25). Noise Pollution: Effects, Causes, and Potential Solutions.

"Noise Pollution: Effects, Causes, and Potential Solutions." IvyPanda , 25 Oct. 2022,

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IvyPanda . "Noise Pollution: Effects, Causes, and Potential Solutions." October 25, 2022.


Noise pollution.

Noise pollution can cause health problems for people and wildlife, both on land and in the sea. From traffic noise to rock concerts, loud or inescapable sounds can cause hearing loss, stress, and high blood pressure. Noise from ships and human activities in the ocean is harmful to whales and dolphins that depend on echolocation to survive.

Anthropology, Sociology, Biology, Ecology, Conservation

Construction Noise Pollution

A man working with a jackhammer in a construction site. Noise pollution becomes and increasingly larger issue in big cities.

Photograph by Construction Photography/Avalon

A man working with a jackhammer in a construction site. Noise pollution becomes and increasingly larger issue in big cities.

Noise pollution is an invisible danger. It cannot be seen, but it is present nonetheless, both on land and under the sea. Noise pollution is considered to be any unwanted or disturbing sound that affects the health and well-being of humans and other organisms.

Sound is measured in decibels . There are many sounds in the environment, from rustling leaves (20 to 30 decibels ) to a thunderclap (120 decibels ) to the wail of a siren (120 to 140 decibels ). Sounds that reach 85 decibels or higher can harm a person’s ears. Sound sources that exceed this threshold include familiar things, such as power lawn mowers (90 decibels ), subway trains (90 to 115 decibels ), and loud rock concerts (110 to 120 decibels ).

Noise pollution impacts millions of people on a daily basis. The most common health problem it causes is Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL). Exposure to loud noise can also cause high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep disturbances, and stress. These health problems can affect all age groups, especially children. Many children who live near noisy airports or streets have been found to suffer from stress and other problems, such as impairments in memory, attention level, and reading skill.

Noise pollution also impacts the health and well-being of wildlife. Studies have shown that loud noises can cause caterpillars' dorsal vessels (the insect equivalent of a heart) to beat faster, and cause bluebirds to have fewer chicks. Animals use sound for a variety of reasons, including to navigate, find food, attract mates, and avoid predators. Noise pollution makes it difficult for them to accomplish these tasks, which affects their ability survive.

Increasing noise is not only affecting animals on land, it is also a growing problem for those that live in the ocean. Ships, oil drills, sonar devices, and seismic tests have made the once tranquil marine environment loud and chaotic. Whales and dolphins are particularly impacted by noise pollution . These marine mammals rely on echolocation to communicate, navigate, feed, and find mates, and excess noise interferes with their ability to effectively echolocate.

Some of the loudest underwater noise comes from naval sonar devices. Sonar , like echolocation , works by sending pulses of sound down into the depths of the ocean to bounce off an object and return an echo to the ship, which indicates a location for object. Sonar sounds can be as loud as 235 decibels and travel hundreds of miles under water, interfering with whales’ ability to use echolocation . Research has shown that sonar can cause mass strandings of whales on beaches and alter the feeding behavior of endangered blue whales ( Balaenoptera musculus ). Environmental groups are urging the U.S. Navy to stop or reduce using sonar for military training.

Seismic surveys also produce loud blasts of sound within the ocean. Ships looking for deep-sea oil or gas deposits tow devices called air guns and shoot pulses of sound down to the ocean floor. The sound blasts can damage the ears of marine animals and cause serious injury. Scientists believe this noise may also be contributing to the altered behavior of whales.

Among those researching the effects of noise pollution is Michel Andre, a bioacoustics researcher in Spain who is recording ocean sounds using instruments called hydrophones . His project, LIDO (Listening to the Deep Ocean Environment), collects data at 22 different locations. Back in the lab, computers identify the sounds of human activities as well as 26 species of whales and dolphins. The analysis aims to determine the effects that underwater noise is having on these animals. Andre hopes his project will find ways to protect marine animals from the dangers of ocean noise.

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Noise Pollution Essay

When noise levels exceed the normal range, this is known as noise pollution. When noise levels exceed safe levels, it becomes harmful to living things. Additionally, these irritating noises disrupt several activities and imbalance the surroundings. Here are a few sample essays on the topic ‘noise pollution’.

Noise Pollution Essay

100 Words Essay On Noise Pollution

Noise Pollution is regarded as a form of environmental pollution brought on by excessive noise from various sources. The term "noise disturbance" also applies to noise pollution. In addition to being unhealthy, excessive noise can disturb animal or human life. Although there is a significant environmental problem in India that requires adequate attention to be resolved, noise pollution is less dangerous than pollution of the water, air, and soil. Machines, transportation systems, poor urban planning and other factors contribute to outdoor noise.

Among the sources of indoor noise include domestic appliances, construction activity, loud music, etc. The most frequent disability brought on by noise pollution is irreversible hearing loss due to ear drum damage.

200 Words Essay On Noise Pollution

Average noise levels are required for daily life, but undesirable noise or noise that is intolerable to people, animals, or plants results in noise pollution in the environment. Noise is a term used to describe the undesired sound produced by many industrial or non-industrial sources that are employed in our daily lives. High-volume sound has detrimental impacts on one's health, especially the ears.

The marine animals, especially whales and dolphins, who rely on their hearing to communicate, find food, defend themselves, and survive in the water, are significantly harmed by high levels of noise, suffering from physical trauma, injuries, bleeding around the brain, large bubbles in organs, and even death. Navy submarine sonar, which can be heard from about 300 miles away, is the cause of the noise in the ocean. The long-term effects of noise pollution are becoming more hazardous and concerning.

Prevention | There are various ways to prevent noise pollution, including encouraging soundproof rooms. Contractors should keep the construction in the industrial sector, industries, and factories away from residential buildings. Damaged exhaust pipes on motorcycles should be repaired.

Government should ban noisy vehicles, airports, bus and train stations, and other transportation hubs should be kept away from residential areas. People should establish quiet zones near educational institutions and hospitals, and more vegetation should be permitted alongside roads and residential areas to reduce noise pollution by absorbing sound.

500 Words Essay On Noise Pollution

The spread of noise with varying implications on human or animal activities is known as noise pollution, also known as environmental noise or sound pollution. Machines, transportation, and propagation systems are the main global sources of outdoor noise. Noise pollution is carried on by numerous noise sources, both industrial and non-industrial, and it impacts the health of people, plants, and animals in many ways. The lives of current and future generations are in great danger due to noise pollution's steadily rising level.

Sources Of Noise Pollution

Regular social gatherings like weddings, parties, pubs, clubs, discos, or houses of religion, among others, disturb the neighborhood.

Regular construction projects, such as mining and building bridges, dams, stations, highways, and flyovers, entail large machinery that produces a lot of noise.

All industries, large and small, use massive machinery that produces high pitch sound in large quantities, endangering our health and lives. Other machinery used in factories and businesses, such as compressors, generators, exhaust fans, and grinding mills, also makes a lot of noise.

Effects Of Noise Pollution

Because of the undesired sound, noise pollution can lead to various hearing issues, including ear drum damage and hearing loss.

It lowers the ear's receptivity to the sounds needed to control body rhythm.

Aggressive behaviour, disturbed sleep, stress, weakness, exhaustion, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and other severe and chronic health problems in later life are all consequences of noise pollution on psychological health.

It causes communication issues and miscommunication. It impacts animals and increases aggressiveness in dogs.

Marine life and animals are particularly vulnerable to noise pollution. Their behavior may change as a result of it affecting their listening abilities. During migration, these animals have trouble listening, which can negatively affect their survival. When it comes to marine life, noise pollution can cause physical and internal harm.

Legal Aspects Of Controlling Noise Pollution

The government may use a conditional or permanent order to eliminate a public nuisance under Section 133.

Limits for noise exposure in the work zone are outlined in the Factories Act Reduction of Noise and Oil of Machinery.

The Motor Vehicle Act deals with changing faulty engines and using the horn.

Preventive Measures For Noise Pollution

Public awareness should be raised to regulate the hazardous sound level in the environment, and everyone should take the regulations seriously.

Reduce the usage of high-pitched sound generators inside and outside the home, such as at parties, clubs, pubs, and discos.

Planting trees can reduce the noise generated by moving from one location to another, which is another helpful measure.

We must take responsibility for refraining from needless honking. We can reduce noise pollution if strict measures are implemented against those who break this regulation.

Additionally, constructing soundproof walls, windows, and flyovers in homes, buildings, and overpasses can reduce noise.

As noise pollution levels rise, there is an urgent need for greater public awareness of its sources, effects, and preventative measures. In workplaces, schools, neighborhoods, hospitals, etc., excessive noise levels should be prohibited. The issue of noise pollution should be covered in textbooks, and lectures and discussions should be held in educational institutions to create more informed and socially responsible future generations.

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Essay on Noise Pollution

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In the modern world, the cacophony of sounds from vehicles, industrial activities, and urban development has become a constant backdrop to our lives. This relentless barrage of noise constitutes what we know as noise pollution, an environmental and public health issue that is often overshadowed by other forms of pollution but is equally potent and destructive. This essay delves into the depths of noise pollution, unraveling its causes, impacts, and potential solutions, aiming to shed light on an issue that is powerful in its ability to affect human health, wildlife, and the environment.

Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is defined as any unwanted or harmful sound that disrupts the natural balance and creates potential harm to human and animal life. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified noise pollution as the second-largest environmental cause of health problems, just after the impact of air quality. From the incessant hum of traffic to the roar of airplanes overhead and the clamor of construction sites, noise pollution surrounds us, often so pervasive that many have become desensitized to its presence.

Causes of Noise Pollution

The sources of noise pollution are manifold and predominantly stem from urban development and human activities. Key contributors include:

  • Transportation Systems: The roar of vehicles, trains, airplanes, and ships are amongst the most significant sources of noise pollution, especially in urban areas.
  • Industrial and Construction Activities: Factories, construction sites, and mining operations generate substantial noise from machinery and heavy equipment.
  • Urbanization: The growth of cities brings with it an increase in noise from commercial and residential areas, including sounds from electronic devices, entertainment venues, and human activities.
  • Social Events: Concerts, festivals, and public gatherings can create high decibel levels, contributing to the noise landscape.

Impacts of Noise Pollution

The power of noise pollution lies in its pervasive ability to impact health and well-being, disrupt wildlife ecosystems, and contribute to societal issues.

Health Effects

Noise pollution is not merely an annoyance; it has profound health implications. Exposure to high levels of noise can lead to:

  • Hearing Loss: Prolonged exposure to noise levels above 85 decibels can cause permanent hearing damage.
  • Stress and Cardiovascular Issues: Noise acts as a stressor, triggering the release of stress hormones. Chronic exposure is linked to increased risks of high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.
  • Sleep Disturbances: Noise can interrupt sleep patterns and reduce sleep quality, leading to insomnia and other sleep disorders.
  • Cognitive Impairment: In children, noise pollution can hamper learning and memory, affecting academic performance and cognitive development.

Environmental and Wildlife Effects

Noise pollution extends its reach beyond human health, affecting the natural world in profound ways.

  • Disruption of Wildlife: Animals rely on sound for communication, navigation, and predator-prey interactions. Noise pollution can interfere with these essential behaviors, leading to adverse effects on reproduction, feeding, and migration patterns.
  • Ecosystem Imbalance: Excessive noise can alter the natural habitat, causing an imbalance in predator-prey dynamics and affecting biodiversity.

Societal and Economic Impacts

The repercussions of noise pollution also ripple through society and the economy, manifesting as:

  • Decreased Productivity: Noise can distract and reduce efficiency, affecting workplace productivity and learning environments.
  • Property Value Decline: Areas subjected to high levels of noise, such as those near airports or highways, often see a decrease in property values.
  • Increased Healthcare Costs: The health issues associated with noise pollution lead to higher healthcare expenditures for individuals and governments.

Mitigating Noise Pollution

Addressing the issue of noise pollution requires a multifaceted approach, involving policy, technology, and community engagement.

Policy and Regulation

Effective noise pollution management starts with stringent regulatory frameworks that limit noise levels in residential, commercial, and industrial areas. Implementing noise standards for vehicles and machinery, along with zoning laws that separate residential areas from noisy industrial zones, are critical steps.

Technological Innovations

Advancements in technology offer promising solutions to reduce noise pollution. Quieter road surfaces, noise barriers, soundproofing materials in buildings, and the development of electric vehicles can significantly lower noise levels.

Community Engagement and Awareness

Raising awareness about the impact of noise pollution and promoting community involvement in noise reduction initiatives are essential. Simple actions, such as choosing quieter appliances, respecting noise ordinances, and planting trees to serve as natural sound barriers, can make a difference.

In conclusion, Noise pollution is an insidious force with the power to affect human health, disrupt wildlife, and impact societal well-being. Recognizing the seriousness of this issue is the first step towards mitigating its effects. Through a combination of policy intervention, technological innovation, and community action, we can attenuate the impact of noise pollution. By addressing this unseen power, we not only improve our quality of life but also protect the environment and ensure the health and well-being of future generations. In the fight against noise pollution, silence truly is golden.


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Sound Pollution Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on sound pollution.

Sound pollution also known as Noise Pollution is one of the most rampant pollutions we find in the world. Especially in India, the nuisance of sound pollution is steadily on the rise, especially in urban cities and areas. Some statistics say that noise pollution in New Delhi is now having medical effects on the inhabitants of the city. But what exactly constitutes sound pollution? Let us read more in this sound pollution essay.

Sound or rather noise pollution is a physical form of pollution. Sound pollution does not affect any element of our environment directly. So it does not have a direct effect on the land, air, soil or any other such life-supporting elements. It actually affects the human population more directly. Essentially the excess of sound or noise, such that it causes disturbance and imbalances the day-to-day life of humans and animals is known as noise pollution.

sound pollution

Sources of Sound Pollution

While sound pollution is not fatal or lethal in any form to humans, it is still a very harmful form of pollution. In this sound pollution essay, it is essential that we look at some of the major sources of sound pollution and how they contribute to the ever-rising degradation of our habitats.

All the sources of noise pollution are man-made in nature. One of the most common and harmful sources is the noise caused due to various transportation systems and motor vehicles in particular. Increasing traffic congestions, the sheer number of vehicles on the roads, the noise from unnecessary honking, etc are all major contributing factors to sound pollution, especially in major cities like Mumbai and Delhi.

Read 500 Words Essay on Pollution here.

The other major source of noise pollution is industrial activities. Since the Industrial Revolution, the world has never slowed down manufacturing and other industrial activities. This has taken a toll on our environment in the form of land and air pollution. And now we can add noise pollution to the list. Factories, printing presses, mills, metal works, etc. are all contributing to the noise pollution of the area. Hence it is ideal to keep industrial areas and residential areas separate, but this is not always possible.

There are quite literally thousands of other sources such as loudspeakers, roadworks, crackers, household noises, agricultural activities, that all are also harmful and cause some degree of noise pollution.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Effects of Noise Pollution

As we saw earlier in this sound pollution essay, the effects of sound pollution are directly on humans and not on the environment as such. While these effects are not instantaneous there are some very serious effects of noise pollution that cannot be taken lightly. The effects of noise pollution are both physical and psychological or behavioral in nature.

One of the obvious physical effects is the effect sound pollution can have on the hearing of a person. Hearing loss or some form of hearing impairment due to excessive noise is becoming increasingly common. And this is not only restricted to senior citizens, but even the younger generation is also being affected in this manner. Another common effect is the lack of sleep due to noise pollution. This, in turn, causes various other symptoms such as irritability, hypertension, ulcers and even cardiovascular diseases.

Persistent insomnia can cause humans to have certain negative psychological effects which we can also trace back to sound pollution. Fatigue, mental strain, stress and even depression in some capacity can be the effects of sound pollution.

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Essay on Ways of Reducing Noise Pollution

Students are often asked to write an essay on Ways of Reducing Noise Pollution in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Ways of Reducing Noise Pollution

Understanding noise pollution.

Noise pollution refers to harmful levels of noise that cause discomfort and harm to living beings. This problem is often overlooked but can lead to health issues like stress and sleep disorders.

Reducing Noise at Home

Community efforts.

In our communities, we can advocate for noise control regulations, promote the use of silent zones, and encourage public awareness about the harmful effects of noise pollution.

Industrial Measures

Industries can help by using noise-reducing technologies, maintaining machinery properly, and limiting the use of loud equipment to specific times.

250 Words Essay on Ways of Reducing Noise Pollution


Noise pollution, an often overlooked form of environmental degradation, is a growing concern in our increasingly urbanized and industrialized world. It not only affects human well-being but also has deleterious impacts on wildlife and ecosystems. To mitigate this issue, we need to adopt a multi-pronged approach.

Urban Planning

Urban planning plays a pivotal role in reducing noise pollution. City layouts should be designed to minimize noise exposure to residential areas. This could involve zoning laws that separate industrial and residential areas, or the creation of ‘quiet zones’ in urban spaces. In addition, the use of noise barriers, like walls or earth mounds, can significantly reduce noise levels.

Technological Advancements

Technological advancements offer another avenue for noise reduction. Industries can adopt quieter machinery and equipment, while vehicle manufacturers can design engines and exhaust systems to minimize noise. Additionally, the use of noise-cancelling technology in public and private spaces can help to create quieter environments.

Legislative Measures

Legislation is an effective tool in the fight against noise pollution. Governments can enact laws that set maximum permissible noise levels for different areas and times. These laws should be backed by strong enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance.

Public Awareness

Finally, public awareness is crucial. People need to understand the harmful effects of noise pollution and their role in combating it. This could involve educational campaigns, community initiatives, or individual actions like using headphones instead of speakers.

500 Words Essay on Ways of Reducing Noise Pollution

Noise pollution, an often overlooked form of environmental degradation, has profound impacts on human health and ecosystem balance. It is a byproduct of industrialization, urbanization, and modern civilization. However, its adverse effects can be mitigated through a variety of strategies. This essay explores ways of reducing noise pollution, aiming to promote a quieter, healthier, and more sustainable environment.

Public Awareness and Education

One of the first steps towards noise pollution control is raising public awareness and education. People need to understand noise pollution’s impact on health and the environment to take active measures to reduce it. This can be achieved through public campaigns, workshops, and incorporating noise pollution topics in school curriculums.

Legal and Regulatory Measures

Use of noise barriers, technological innovations.

Technological advancements can help reduce noise at its source. Industries can adopt quieter machinery and equipment, while vehicle manufacturers can design engines that produce less noise. In the construction sector, using noise-controlled tools and scheduling noisy operations for times with the least potential to disturb people can significantly cut down noise pollution.

Personal Measures

That’s it! I hope the essay helped you.

If you’re looking for more, here are essays on other interesting topics:

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noise pollution project essay

Essay on Noise Pollution for Students in 1000 Words

In this article, we have published an Essay on Noise Pollution for Students in 1000 Words with Its Facts, Causes, Effects, and Control Steps.

Table of Contents

Essay on Noise Pollution (1000 Words)

Due to the improvement of technology, Sound pollution is increasing day by day, and it is becoming a major threat to Human Survival.

What Is Noise Pollution? (Introduction)

Since Thirty years, the world has been facing a deadly menace for physical and mental health, resulting in the malfunction of the same human body areas. Major Causes are Air Transport, Rail Transport, Road Transport, Starting the Trucks, hard music and Harley Davidson Bikes.  

Facts about Noise Pollution

Causes of noise pollution, effects of noise pollution.

Some major effects were briefed as under- .

How to Control Noise Pollution?

To reduce Noise pollution, we must create vegetation buffer zones in different parts of the city. There is an urgent need to form legislation to control Sound pollution and educate through Radio, T.V., and Newsreels in cinemas about Noise Pollution.

Reader Interactions

Leave a reply cancel reply, copyright protection, important links.

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Can bubble curtains protect harbor porpoises from noise pollution?

noise pollution , unwanted or excessive sound that can have deleterious effects on human health, wildlife, and environmental quality. Noise pollution is commonly generated inside many industrial facilities and some other workplaces, but it also comes from highway, railway, and airplane traffic and from outdoor construction activities.

Sound waves are vibrations of air molecules carried from a noise source to the ear. Sound is typically described in terms of the loudness ( amplitude ) and the pitch ( frequency ) of the wave . Loudness (also called sound pressure level, or SPL) is measured in logarithmic units called decibels (dB). The normal human ear can detect sounds that range between 0 dB (hearing threshold) and about 140 dB, with sounds between 120dB and 140 dB causing pain (pain threshold). The ambient SPL in a library is about 35 dB, while that inside a moving bus or subway train is roughly 85 dB; building construction activities can generate SPLs as high as 105 dB at the source. SPLs decrease with distance from the source.

The rate at which sound energy is transmitted, called sound intensity , is proportional to the square of the SPL. Because of the logarithmic nature of the decibel scale, an increase of 10 dB represents a 10-fold increase in sound intensity, an increase of 20 dB represents a 100-fold increase in intensity, a 30-dB increase represents a 1,000-fold increase in intensity, and so on. When sound intensity is doubled, on the other hand, the SPL increases by only 3 dB. For example, if a construction drill causes a noise level of about 90 dB, then two identical drills operating side by side will cause a noise level of 93 dB. On the other hand, when two sounds that differ by more than 15 dB in SPL are combined, the weaker sound is masked (or drowned out) by the louder sound. For example, if an 80-dB drill is operating next to a 95-dB dozer at a construction site, the combined SPL of those two sources will be measured as 95 dB; the less intense sound from the compressor will not be noticeable.

Frequency of a sound wave is expressed in cycles per second (cps), but hertz (Hz) is more commonly used (1 cps = 1 Hz). The human eardrum is a very sensitive organ with a large dynamic range, being able to detect sounds at frequencies as low as 20 Hz (a very low pitch) up to about 20,000 Hz (a very high pitch). The pitch of a human voice in normal conversation occurs at frequencies between 250 Hz and 2,000 Hz.

Precise measurement and scientific description of sound levels differ from most subjective human perceptions and opinions about sound. Subjective human responses to noise depend on both pitch and loudness. People with normal hearing generally perceive high-frequency sounds to be louder than low-frequency sounds of the same amplitude. For this reason, electronic sound-level meters used to measure noise levels take into account the variations of perceived loudness with pitch. Frequency filters in the meters serve to match meter readings with the sensitivity of the human ear and the relative loudness of various sounds. The so-called A-weighted filter, for example, is commonly used for measuring ambient community noise. SPL measurements made with this filter are expressed as A-weighted decibels, or dBA. Most people perceive and describe a 6- to 10-dBA increase in an SPL reading to be a doubling of “loudness.” Another system, the C-weighted (dBC) scale, is sometimes used for impact noise levels, such as gunfire, and tends to be more accurate than dBA for the perceived loudness of sounds with low frequency components.

Noise levels generally vary with time, so noise measurement data are reported as time-averaged values to express overall noise levels. There are several ways to do this. For example, the results of a set of repeated sound-level measurements may be reported as L 90 = 75 dBA, meaning that the levels were equal to or higher than 75 dBA for 90 percent of the time. Another unit, called equivalent sound levels (L eq ), can be used to express an average SPL over any period of interest, such as an eight-hour workday. (L eq is a logarithmic average rather than an arithmetic average, so loud events prevail in the overall result.) A unit called day-night sound level (DNL or L dn ) accounts for the fact that people are more sensitive to noise during the night, so a 10-dBA penalty is added to SPL values that are measured between 10 pm and 7 am . DNL measurements are very useful for describing overall community exposure to aircraft noise, for example.

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Noise is more than a mere nuisance. At certain levels and durations of exposure, it can cause physical damage to the eardrum and the sensitive hair cells of the inner ear and result in temporary or permanent hearing loss , known as noise-induced hearing loss. Hearing loss does not usually occur at SPLs below 80 dBA (eight-hour exposure levels are best kept below 85 dBA), but most people repeatedly exposed to more than 105 dBA will have permanent hearing loss to some extent. In addition to causing hearing loss, excessive noise exposure can raise blood pressure and pulse rates, cause irritability, anxiety , and mental fatigue, and interfere with sleep , recreation, and personal communication. Children living in areas with high levels of noise pollution may suffer from stress and other problems, such as impairments in memory and attention span. Noise pollution control is therefore important in the workplace and in the community.

Noise pollution also impacts wildlife. A wide range of animals, including insects , frogs , birds , and bats , rely on sound for a variety of reasons. Noise pollution can interfere with an animal’s ability to attract a mate, communicate, navigate, find food, or avoid predators and thus can even be an existential threat to vulnerable organisms. The problem of noise pollution is especially serious for marine animals, particularly those that rely on echolocation , such as certain whales and dolphins , and much of the world’s oceans are polluted with chaotic sounds from ships, seismic tests, and oil drills. Some of the loudest and most detrimental sounds in the sea are from naval sonar devices, whose noise can travel hundreds of miles through the water and is associated with mass strandings of whales and dolphins.

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Essay on Sound Pollution

With the increase in population, the pollution causes and the types are only increasing around the world. Many kinds of pollution are causing harm to the environment, like air pollution, water pollution, land pollution etc. The most recent one being sound pollution also called noise pollution that is only rampantly increasing. In a country like ours where there is rapid urbanization, the cities have shown a massive increase in noise pollution. Whose effects have created an impact on the health conditions of the residents as well? In this article for a sound pollution essay in English, we will learn what constitutes it and who it impacts. The formats discussed below are a long essay on sound pollution and a short essay on sound pollution, both of which are helpful for students learning.

Long and Short Sound Pollution Essay in English

Short sound pollution essay.

This essay on sound pollution is a brief explanation of the meaning and reasons that contribute to the cause.

Sound Pollution or noise pollution is now a major concern especially in populous places and metro cities in India is a recent phenomenon and an impactful one at that. While we are aware of other kinds of pollution like air, water and land which is harming the natural bodies of the environment. And slowly affecting the ecosystem leading to humans.

Noise pollution on the other hand has no such significant effects on the environment or the natural bodies of the planet. It directly harms the residing beings that are humans and animals.

All living beings have a certain threshold to certain types of sound which can fall under the range of 0 decibels to 120 decibels. And when a human ear is exposed to sounds ranging above 90 decibels, the damage is caused. The damaging frequency of sound can be from honking in traffic or from loud music at parties. The damage is concerning either way.

Even though in India, laws for no loud music in parties or large gatherings after 10 pm are enforced, the health effects should be also considered and strict road laws must be applied. It can lead to mental illnesses, can turn a person deaf and even high blood pressure. We must all do our bit in controlling what we can and not contribute to the noise whether indoors or outdoors.

Long Sound Pollution Essay

In this type of essay on sound pollution, the reasons and effects are mentioned in detail.

Sadly all the causes of pollution are man-made like air pollution which is because of harmful emissions from factories and industries built by humans for their benefit. Similarly, the reason for sound pollution is also human-made and unwanted sound distribution is called noise. This even though not deliberately caused, has been seen as a major cause for many human health problems. It is not a lethally affecting cause, but the consequences of this kind of pollution on health are nevertheless problematic and difficult.

An audible sound can be of varying frequencies and pitches. And the measurement unit is decibels which are denoted as “dB”. There are various threshold levels for humans ranging from 0dB to 120dB. Not all ranges are audible to every living being. Any form of sound that falls under this range is audible to the human ear. But some sounds are considered noise when they are damaging to the ear.

The range that is audible to humans is A-weighted decibels that can also be written as dBA. And anything below 70dBA is the optimal range for the human ear. Any magnitude or intensity above it, especially sound ranges that lie above 85dB, is very damaging to the human ear. This damage is then not just limited to just the ear, other abilities are also affected.

Many things contribute and add to the causes of noise pollution. There are many reasons for the increasing sound pollution from various sources that can be categorized as indoor and outdoor sources.

Indoor sources are within our own homes or in the noise from the neighborhood. The noise from electronic gadgets, household utensils, musical instruments, transistors, generators and inverters and speakers. The other factor of the indoor environment is that of an event or a wedding function where loud music is played unabashedly that does no good to anybody.

Outdoor sources are industries, which is a leading source of usage of heavy machines, exhaust fans and mills that cause unwanted noise. Industrialization is also a double-edged sword. Industries are located in the outskirts so the nearby villagers and towners are mostly affected. Construction sites and mining sites also produce a lot of unwanted noise due to the machines used for building and excavating. The other cause of outdoor noises is from roads due to vehicles. Especially in cities where everyone has their mode of transportation and traffic congestion is also no less. And honking in those situations is the major contributor to sound pollution. Railways, aircraft and bursting of crackers and other fireworks also add to the cause.

These reasons have a major impact on living beings. It leads to hearing impairment and in many cases hearing loss. The eardrums in the inner ear cannot tolerate the constant exposure to loud noises. When one is continuously exposed to such high pitch sounds, the blood levels elevate and cause high blood pressure or hypertension.

This further causes anger issues, tiredness and fatigues the body leading to sleeping disorders. Which in the long run may also cause mental illness like anxiety and depression. The raised blood levels also result in heart diseases and a constant increase in stress levels.

Preventing is a personal responsibility and we should be accountable for our actions. The best way is to abstain from using loudspeakers which are helpful for others as well. One can also install soundproof systems in buildings that generate loud noise like industries and hospitals. Honking must be limited and not practiced irresponsibly.

Important Tips to write an effective Essay  

Brainstorm and Plan - Before you start writing, it's usually a good idea to gather your thoughts. Try to come up with as many ideas for your essay as possible based on your question or topic. When it comes to writing the essay, making a proper writing outline will really save you time. If you get stuck at first, scribble down a few thoughts and the rest will likely flow.

Prepare and Make a Structure - Outlining your essay and gathering proof resources are both part of the preparation step. Examine the outcomes of your brainstorming session. Extract the concepts that are most important to the success of your thesis, and then organize them in a logical and progressive order. This is where you'll include your essay's structure and content. If you're looking for empirical proof or supplementary citations, start looking now.

Drafting - This is the stage of the essay writing process where you compose the early draft. Remember that nothing has to be perfect; this is your first version, not your final plan, so allow yourself to make mistakes.

Revision - You've completed the essay, but you're not finished yet. Look through what you've written again for any errors or typos. Check for mistakes in language, punctuation, and spelling. You can't always rely on spell check to catch all of your mistakes. Sometimes you can misspell a word but it will still be a word, such as when you misspell "from" as "form."

Sources of Sound Pollution

Despite the fact that sound pollution is neither dangerous or lethal to people in any way, it is nonetheless an extremely destructive sort of pollution. All causes of noise pollution are man-made. Noise from different transportation systems, particularly motor cars, is one of the most prevalent and hazardous sources. Sound pollution is caused by increasing traffic congestion, the sheer quantity of vehicles on the road, and noise from unnecessary honking, among other things. Industrial operations are another important cause of noise pollution. Factories, printing presses, mills, and other businesses all contribute to the area's noise pollution. There are literally thousands of different forms of noise pollution, such as loudspeakers, roads, fireworks, home sounds, and agricultural operations, all of which are damaging and contribute to noise pollution in some way.

Sound pollution is indeed a cause of concern like other pollution but the major factor to consider here is it can be easily controlled. We must begin at home and start placing the utensils carefully. And induce sound controllers in the generator or inverters this will prevent the children and the old people at home to be safe from ear damage. The other major way is to not honk unnecessarily on roads. Creating awareness about such problems and the damages they caused to others and also providing them with the way to handle such problems brings effective changes.


FAQs on Sound Pollution Essay

1. What is the cause of Noise Pollution?

At the same time as the world is turning to technology for comfort, it is damaging us. Industry, no matter how large or little, contributes to noise pollution. Compressors, exhaust fans, generators, and other machinery make a lot of noise. 

Similarly, an increase in the usage of vehicles is a key contributor to pollution. It includes not just autos, but also other modes of transportation such as aircraft, buses, bicycles, trucks, and more. People honk incessantly in traffic and listen to loud music while driving, causing excessive noise. Furthermore, social activities such as weddings, parties, and religious services held in places such as clubs, pubs, temples, halls, and other venues cause a great deal of annoyance in residential neighborhoods. Furthermore, noise is produced by construction operations such as mining, the construction of flyovers, bridges, and other structures.

2. What are the damaging impacts of Noise Pollution?

Noise pollution has a significant influence on the lives of living beings, despite the fact that it is rarely discussed. Noise pollution, for instance, causes a variety of hearing impairments. High amounts of noise harm the Eardrums and can possibly induce hearing loss. Similarly, it lowers ear sensitivity to noises that the human body needs to regulate our body's rhythm.

Furthermore, it has an impact on our mental health. It may not be immediately apparent, but it has a long-term effect on our behavior. You may have weariness and even migraines if your sleep is disrupted or if you have persistent headaches as a result of excessive noise. Noise pollution has an influence on animals as well as humans. When pets hear a loud noise, they may become angry or fearful. To conclude, we must raise awareness about the dangers of noise pollution. We must also urge them to choose methods that do not add to noise pollution. We will undoubtedly be able to minimize noise pollution to a significant amount if everyone starts doing the same on a personal level.

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Vedantu contains a large number of long and short essays to educate students in grades 1 through 12. The online educational platform provided by Vedantu will give you a holistic learning experience. Through our live interactive teaching sessions, you will be able to communicate with some of the teachers who have the competence to train you for school examinations, competitive tests, and other exams. We give review notes for grades 6 to 12 in addition to coaching courses. You may also effortlessly download and access them whenever it is convenient for you. Students who are seeking high-quality study materials may get them for free from the Vedantu website in PDF format. By installing the Vedantu app, you may access even more materials for free.

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Essay on noise pollution: effects, disease and control.

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Noise is generally defined as an unwanted or undesirable sound and the release of unwanted sound into the atmosphere is called noise pollution.

High pitch sound produced by automobiles, machines, power plants, trains, helicopters, aero planes, jets, rockets, public broadcasting systems, T.V., sudden ratting of doors and windows, explosion of bombs, sound of crackers etc. are potent sources of noise pollution. Noise provides alarm system in man’s physical environment. It has been regarded as urban pollution. It has become serious in urban areas due to technologies increasing population, urbanization and industrialisation.


It is associated with almost all human activities. In 1990, Nobel laureate Robert Koch said, “a day will come when man will have to fight merciless noise as the enemy of health and that day is not far off’. The noise should be taken not only as a factor of annoyance but also as a lethal partner of life. According to Dr. Vem O. Knudsen of university of California, noise, like smog is a slow agent of death. If it continues unabated for the next 30 years it could become lethal to an alarming degree.

Sound is a form of energy. Man is not only affected by the sound energy but also by sound pitch or frequency and intensity. Intensity of sound is measured in decibels (d = deci meaning 10, B for Bell, name of scientist Alfred Grahm Bell). Technically a dB is the amount of sound pressure that equals to 0.0002 microbars (energy of about 10 -15 watts). One dB is the finest sound intensity which can be perceived by human ear and 180 dB is the maximum tolerance limit.

The frequency is defined as the number of vibrations and is denoted by Hertz (hz). One Hertz (hz) is equal to one vibration per second. Man can hear sound from 16 hz to 20,000 hz Less than 16 hz second is infra-audible and sound above 20,000 hz is ultrasonic, some animals however can perceive sounds that are not andible to man. Loudness of sound can also be expressed in sones. One sone is equal to 40 dB at a pressure of 1,000 hz. The loudness of noise is measured on a logarithmic scale called “decibel”.

Mathematically the decibel (dB) can be expressed as follows:

I dB = 10 log 10 (P/p ref) or 10 x log 10 p/p ref.

Where, P = measured sound pressure in dynes /cm and, p ref = reference sound pressure which is equal to barely audible sound taken as 0.002 dynes /cm. As the decibel is measured on a log scale, rise of every 10 decibel would cause 10 fold change in sound intensity. For example, a sound level of 100 decibels has an intensity 10 times greater than a sound level of 90 dB. According to World Health Organization (WHO), a level of 45 dB is considered a safe noise level for city.

By international standard, a noise level up to 65 dB may be taken as tolerable. Noise level above 80 dB causes noise pollution. Noise level above 100 dB becomes uncomfortable and beyond 120 dB it becomes painful. Sudden or intermittent noise IS more harmful than continuous noise. According to a report of National Physical Laboratory, India, the noise level is increasing at the rate of 1 dB per year.

Some important standards developed for noise levels in India are given in Tables 13.20 13.21, 13.22 and 13.23.

Effects of Noise Pollution :

Human response to noise varies from man to man according to age and temperament. It may vary even in the same individual from time to time because of change in health, fatigue and other conditions. The effects of noise on human beings can be related to physiological, behavioural and psychological responses.

When we hear a loud noise the blood vessels constrict, the skin pales, the pupil dilates, the eyes close, the voluntary and involuntary muscles tense, gastric secretions reduce and the blood pressure increases. The immediate reactions to noise which starts at noise level of 30 to 70 dB include constriction of peripheral blood vessels with a consequent increase in blood flow to the brain, change in breathing rate, change in muscle tension and gastrointestinal mobility.

As these reactions can also be carried out by some other factors, they are called non-auditory reactions. At slightly higher noise level there is “startle effect” produced due to change in pulse rate and blood pressure, release of stored glucose from lever into the blood stream and the excess secretion of adrenalin hormone because of which fear reaction develops in body.

Some of the other effects of noise pollution are given below:

1. The short-term auditory effects of noise include some temporary loss in hearing at high noise levels. Explosions or other high intensity sounds may cause immediate deafness by rupturing the ear drums or damaging the cochlea. Continuous exposure at high noise level may cause some permanent damage.

2. Prolonged exposures to noise are known to lead to gradual deterioration of internal ear and to subsequent hearing loss or deafness. Scientists are of the opinion that constant occupational exposure to sound at higher frequency is dangerous for human beings.

3. Noise also clearly produces annoyance in human beings and can interfere with proper rest and sleep. Annoyance seems to increase with the loudness of the sound.

4. Noise also produces psychological effects in human being.

5. One important effect of noise is the vasoconstriction reflex in which small blood vessels of the body constrict and reduce the flow of blood.

6. Physiological effects of noise include dilation of the pupils, paling of skin, tensing of voluntary muscles, diminishing of gastric secretions, increase in diastolic blood pressure and the sudden injection of adrenalins into blood stream which increases neuromuscular tension, nervousness, irritability and anxieties. It can adversely affect the development of unborn babies.

7. Impulsive noise and thunders are worse than continuous noise which, if loud enough, may cause sudden hearing loss. Sudden noises also startle persons and lead to accidents. Supersonic booms produced by objects travelling faster than the speed of sound produce shock waves which deviate from atmosphere pressures.

Diseases Due To Noise Pollution :

Recently there has been growing evidence that noise in the range of 90 decibels and above may cause temporary or irreversible changes in the autonomous nervous system. Noise may be an important factor in many stress-related diseases, such as peptic ulcer and hypertension.

A brief summary of noise induced diseases are given below:

Deafness or impaired hearing:

This may occur due to continuous exposure to noise level of more than 90 dB. It may be temporary or permanent.

Auditory fatigue:

Continuous humming sound may cause side effects such as whistling and buzzing in the ears.

Irritation and annoyance:

Noise, sometimes, leads to emotional disturbances and makes people loose their temper.

Work efficiency:

It has been observed that people work efficiently in a quiet environment and noise reduces the efficiency of work.

Other health effects:

Noise is also associated with:

Rise in blood pressure (hyper tension)

Headache and giddiness

Sweating, nausea and fatigue

Difficulty in breathing

Disturbed sleep pattern

Psychological stress

Control of Noise Pollution:

Noise pollution can be checked by the following means:

i. Noise-generating factories should be located far away from the populated areas.

ii. Proper maintenance of machinery checks noise pollution.

iii. Use of pressure horns in automobiles in the densely populated areas should be banned.

iv. Loudspeakers and mikes should be banned from 10 pm to 6 am.

v. Firecrackers producing loud noise should be banned.

vi. Televisions, music systems, VCDs should be played at a low volume.

There is no separate law for noise pollution control in India. It has been suggested that cultivation of thick vegetation along the roadsides, railway tracts and industrial establishments may considerably reduce noise pollution.

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Essay on Noise Pollution for Children and Students

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Noise pollution or sound pollution refers to the presence of excessive and disturbing noise (from machines, transportation systems, aircrafts, trains, etc) in the environment that is very harmful to the physical and mental health of the living beings on earth.

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Long and Short Essay on Noise Pollution in English

Noise pollution has become one of the big problems in India affecting the human lives in many ways. We all should know the causes, effects and most importantly the preventive measures of the noise pollution in order to get prevented from the effects of it. School students generally get this topic to write something according to their own view during the competitions like essay writing, etc. We have provided below some easily written essay on noise pollution under different words limit for students. You can select any noise pollution essay according to your need and requirement.

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Noise Pollution Essay 1 (100 words)

It is considered as the environmental pollution caused in the environment by the excess level of noise through many sources. Noise pollution is also known as the noise disturbance. Excessive noise is harmful to the health and cause imbalance to the human or animal life. It has been a massive environmental issue in India which needs a proper attention to be solved however it is less dangerous than the water, air and soil pollution. Outdoor noise is hugely caused by the sources like machines, transportation systems, poor urban planning (construction of side-by-side industrial and residential buildings), etc. Indoor noise sources are household machines, building activities, loud music, etc. The most common impairment caused by the noise pollution is the permanent hearing loss due to ear drum damage.

Noise Pollution Essay 2 (150 words)

Normal level of the sound necessary to maintain the daily lives however undesired sound or noise which is not tolerated by the people, animals or plants causes noise pollution in the environment. Noise is commonly called as the unwanted sound created by many industrial or non-industrial sources used in the daily life in our surrounding. High level sound creates unpleasant effects and discomfort to the health especially to the ears.

Unwanted sound generally interferes with the daily routine activities like sleep in night, conversation, hearing ability, feeling of well being, etc. Water animals also affected by the noise pollution created by the noise of submarines and big ships in the ocean. Forest animals have been affected to a great extent due to the chain-saw operations (create extreme noise) by timber companies. Common sources of the noise pollution are household gadgets, transport vehicles, jet planes, helicopters, industrial machines, etc. According to the World Health Organization, industries must limit their sound production by 75 dB.

Noise Pollution Essay 3 (200 words)

Noise pollution the pollution caused by the high and unsafe level of noise in the environment causes lots of health disorders to the human beings, animals and plants. Common problems caused by the noise pollution are stress related illnesses, anxiety, communication problems, speech interference, hearing loss, lost productivity, sleep disruption, fatigue, headache, irritability, nervousness, weakness, reduce sensitivity to sound which our ear receive to maintain body rhythm, etc. It causes gradual impairment to the hearing ability over a long period of time. Continuous exposure to high level sound causes permanent damage to the eardrum.

High level of the noise causes huge nuisance, injuries, physical trauma, bleeding around brain, large bubbles in organs and even death to the marine animals specially whales and dolphins as they use their hearing ability to communicate, find food, defend and survive in water. Source of noise in the water is navy submarine’s sonar which can felt around 300 miles away. The consequences of the noise pollution are more dangerous and worrying in the near future.

There are many preventive measures of the noise pollution, some are like promoting soundproof rooms construction in the industries, industries and factories should be away from the residential building, repairing of motorbikes having damaged exhaust pipes, ban of noisy vehicles, airports, bus, railway stations and other transport terminals should be far from the living places, declaring silence zones near educational institutes and hospitals, allowing more vegetation along with roads and residential areas in order to reduce noise pollution by absorbing sound.

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Noise Pollution Essay 4 (250 words)

Noise pollution caused by the high level of unwanted sound in the environment which causes pain. Some of the main sources of the noise pollution like noise generated by the road traffic, air craft noise, railroads noise, noise generated by the construction (of buildings, highways, city streets, flyovers, etc), industrial noise, noise created in home on daily basis (due to electrical home appliances, plumbing, generators, air conditioners, boilers, fans, etc), and noise from consumer products (like household equipments, kitchen appliances, vacuum cleaners, washing machine, mixer, juicer, pressure cooker, TV, mobile, dryer, cooler, etc).

In some countries (highly populated countries like India, etc) poor urban planning also plays vital role in the noise pollution as this planning includes the construction of congested houses having large families in small space (causing fight for parking, fights for basic requirements, etc) lead to the noise pollution. New generation people play music in full volume and dance for late night causing lots of physical and mental disturbances to the neighbors. High level of noise causes loss of normal person’s ability to hear properly. High level of noise slowly affects the health and acts as slow poison.

It hugely affects the wildlife, lives of plants, and human beings. Normally, the ability of our ear is to accept the only certain range of sounds without making any damage to the ear. However, our ear cannot bear the regular exposure to loud levels of noise and get damage to the ear drums which results in the temporary or permanent loss of hearing. It also causes other disorders like sleeping disorders, fatigue, weakness, cardiovascular issues, stress, high blood pressure, communication problem, etc.

Noise Pollution Essay 5 (300 words)

There are various types of pollution in the environment, soil pollution is one of them and have become more dangerous to the health. It has become so dangerous that it can compared to the other most dangerous problems like cancer, etc in which slow death is sure. Noise pollution is the dangerous gift of modern living style and increasing level of industrialization and urbanization. If regular and effective actions not taken to control, it can very serious to the future generations. Noise pollution the pollution caused by the noise due to the increased level of unwanted sound in the environment. It is a big potential hazard to the health and causes huge level of communication problems.

High level of noise brings irritation in the behavior of many people especially diseased, old people and pregnant women. Unwanted sound causes deafness problem and other chronic disorders to the ear like damage to the ear drum, ear pain, etc. Sometimes high sound music pleases the listeners however irritates other people. Any undesired sound in the environment is injurious to the health. Some of the sources participating highly in the noise pollution are industries, factories, transportation, traffic, aeroplane engines, train sounds, home appliances, construction, etc.

The noise level of 60 db considered as the normal noise however, noise level of 80 db or above become physically painful and harmful to the health. Cities having high noise quantum are Delhi (80 db), Kolkata (87 db), Bombay (85 db), Chennai (89 db), etc. Limiting the amount of noise to a safe level has become very necessary for the life on the earth as undesired noise affects the health of human beings, plants and animals too. It is possible through the general awareness among public about the noise pollution, its main sources, it’s dangerous effects, as well as all the possible preventive measures to get prevented from the noise pollution.

Noise Pollution Essay 6 (400 words)

It caused by the noise when the level of noise gets increased than the normal level in the environment. Excessive amount of noise in the environment is unsafe for the living purpose. Unpleasant sound causes various disturbances in the natural balance. High volume noises are unnatural and create difficulty in escaping those generated noises. In such a modern and technological world, where everything is possible through the electrical appliances at home or outside the home, the risk of noise has increased to a great extent.

Increasing the demand of urbanization and industrialization in India is causing major exposure of people to the unwanted sounds. Understanding, planning and implementing strategies to get prevented from the noise pollution has necessary to curb within time. The sounds we make in our everyday life like loud music, unnecessary use of television, phone, traffic, dog barking and etc noise creating sources have become part of the urban culture as well as most disturbing things causing headache, sleep disturbances, stress, etc. Those things causing disturbance to the natural rhythm of life called as dangerous pollutant. Following are the causes or sources and effects of the noise pollution:

  • Industrialization is putting our health and life at risk because all the (big or small) industries are using big machines producing high pitch sound in large amount. Other equipments (compressors, generators, exhaust fans, grinding mills) used in the factories and industries also produces big noise.
  • Regular social events like marriages, parties, pub, club, disc or place of worship, temples, etc create nuisance in the residential area.
  • Increasing transportation in the cities (vehicles, aeroplanes, underground trains, etc) produces heavy noise.
  • Regular construction activities (including mining, bridges, building, dams, stations, roads, flyovers, etc) involve big equipments creating high level of noise.
  • Use of household appliances in our daily life is also the main reason noise pollution.
  • Noise pollution causes various hearing problems (damage to ear drums and loss of hearing) because of the unwanted sound.
  • It reduces ear sensitivity to the sounds required to regulate body rhythm.
  • Noise pollution affects the psychological health and causes the occurrence of aggressive behavior, sleep disturbance, stress, weakness, fatigue, hypertension, cardio-vascular diseases including other severe and chronic health issues in later life.
  • It creates communication problems and lead to misunderstanding.
  • Affects wildlife and makes pets more aggressive.

Preventive Measures:

General awareness should increased among people and all the rules should followed seriously by everyone in order to control the unsafe sound level in the environment. Unnecessary use of things generating high pitch sound should reduced in the home or outside the home like clubs, parties, bars, discos, etc.

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Essay 7 (800 words)

Noise pollution the pollution caused by the various noise sources whether by the industrial or non-industrial affecting the human beings, plants and animals health in many aspects. Regularly increasing level of the noise pollution is keeping the lives of people of present generation and coming generations at high risk. I have discussed below the sources, effects, legal aspects control noise pollution and conclusion of the noise pollution.

Following are the sources of noise pollution

The level of noise pollution has increased a lot in India by the urbanization, modern civilization, industrialization, etc. The spread of noise caused by the industrial and non-industrial sources. Industrial sources of noise include the use of big machines of high technologies working at high speed and high level of noise intensity in the various industries. Non-industrial sources of noise include noise created outside the industries such as through the transport, vehicles traffic and other means by people. Non-industrial source of noise can be natural or man made. Some of the industrial and non-industrial sources of noise pollution mentioned below:

  • Noise created by the low flying military aircraft has also added noise pollution to the environment to a great extent.
  • Road traffic noise is increasing day by day in the city because of the motors and exhaust system of vehicles like trucks, buses, autos, motorcycles, personal cars, etc. Tall buildings in the cities cause noise to resound in that area for some time.
  • Industrial noise created by the manufacturing plants because of the use of motors, compressors, fans, etc.
  • Construction noises created by the construction of tall buildings, roads, highways, city streets, etc through the use of pneumatic hammers, bulldozers, air compressors, dump trucks, loaders, pavement breakers, etc.
  • Rail roads noise (from locomotive engines, whistles, horns, switching or shunting operations in the rail yards) are also very effective in the creating high level of noise pollution as they create peak level of noise of around 120 dB to the 100 feet distance.
  • Noise created in the building because of the plumbing, generators, boilers, household equipments, music, air conditioners, vacuum cleaners, kitchen appliances, fans, and other noisy activities in the neighborhood.
  • Another source of noise pollution is the use of variety of fire crackers (high sound generating) during the festivals and other family occasions.

Following are the effects of noise pollution

Noise pollution highly affects the health of human beings, animals and properties. Some of mentioned below:

  • Increasing noise pollution day by day is decreasing the efficiency and quality of work of human beings.
  • Noise pollution reduces concentration level as high level of noise causes fatigue and tiredness.
  • Hugely affects the pregnant women and cause irritation and abortion.
  • Causes various diseases (high blood pressure and mental illness) to the people because it disturbs the peace of mind.
  • High level of noise decreases quality of work and thus causes lack of concentration level.
  • It may cause temporary or permanent deafness because noise level of 80 to 100 db is unsafe for the people.
  • It also damage historical monuments, old buildings, bridges, etc because it weakens the structure by creating dangerous waves which struck to the walls.
  • Animals lose control on their mind and can be more dangerous because high level noise damage their nervous system.
  • It also affects the plants and causes poor quality crops production.

Following are legal aspects to control noise pollution

  • Constitution of India guarantees right to life, right to information, right to religion and noise.
  • Section 133 empowers human being to remove a public nuisance on a conditional or permanent order.
  • It is Control Rule 2000 under Environment Protection Act 1996 involves controlling the growing problem of noise pollution.
  • Factories Act Reduction of Noise and Oil of Machinery limits for noise exposure in the work zone.
  • Motor Vehicle Act involves the use of horn and change of fault engines.
  • Indian Penal code deals with the health and safety issues caused by the noise pollution. One can penalized under law of torts.

Increasing level of noise pollution has created the urgent need of general awareness about the sources, effects and preventive measures of the noise pollution. High level of noise should prohibited in the areas like working places, educational institutes, residential areas, hospitals, etc. Young children and students should motivated to not get involved in the high sound producing acts like use of high sound generating equipments and instruments on the occasions. Use of high level sound generating fire crackers should reduced during the occasions like festivals, parties, marriages, etc. Subjects related to the noise pollution should added into textbooks and activities can organized in the schools like lectures, discussion, etc so that new generations can more aware and responsible citizens.

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  • Earth Science
  • Noise Pollution Prevention

Noise Pollution

We know that a sound is a form of energy. Sometimes the sound can be soothing to listen to and, at times, loud to hear. Sound can travel in the air and is produced by the vibration of objects. Regular exposure to a higher sound level that impacts humans and other living organisms is known as sound pollution. This article will help us understand what noise pollution is, the types of noise and pollution, and its causes and examples.

What is Noise Pollution?

The word noise is derived from the Latin word ‘Nausea’, which means sickness in which one feels the need to vomit. Noise is the unpleasant and undesirable sound which leads to discomfort in human beings. The intensity of sound is measured in decibels (dB) . The faintest sound that the human ear can hear is 1 Db. Due to increasing noise around the civilizations, noise pollution has become a matter of concern. Some of its major causes are vehicles, aircraft, industrial machines, loudspeakers, crackers, etc. When used at high volume, some other appliances also contribute to noise pollution, like television, transistor, radio, etc.

Types of Noise Pollution

Following are the three types of pollution:

  • Transport Noise
  • Neighbourhood Noise
  • Industrial Noise

Noise pollution

It mainly consists of traffic noise which has increased in recent years with the increase in the number of vehicles. The increase in noise pollution leads to deafening of older people, headache, hypertension, etc.

The noise from gadgets, household utensils etc. Some of the main sources are musical instruments, transistors, loudspeakers, etc.

It is the high-intensity sound which is caused by heavy industrial machines. According to many researches, industrial noise pollution damages the hearing ability to around 20%.

Causes and Sources of Noise Pollution

Following are the causes and sources of noise pollution:

  • Industrialisation: Industrialisation has led to an increase in noise pollution as the use of heavy machinery such as generators, mills, huge exhaust fans are used, resulting in the production of unwanted noise.
  • Vehicles: Increased number of vehicles on the roads are the second reason for noise pollution.
  • Events: Weddings, public gatherings involve loudspeakers to play music resulting in the production of unwanted noise in the neighbourhood.
  • Construction sites: Mining, construction of buildings, etc add to the noise pollution.

Noise Pollution Examples

Following are the examples of noise pollution:

  • Unnecessary usage of horns
  • Using loudspeakers either for religious functions or for political purposes
  • Unnecessary usage of fireworks
  • Industrial noise
  • Construction noise
  • Noise from transportation such as railway and aircraft

Effects of Noise Pollution on Human Health

Noise pollution can be hazardous to human health in the following ways:

  • Hypertension: It is a direct result of noise pollution which is caused due to elevated blood levels for a longer duration.
  • Hearing loss: Constant exposure of human ears to loud noise that are beyond the range of sound that human ears can withstand damages the eardrums, resulting in loss of hearing.
  • Sleeping disorders: Lack of sleep might result in fatigue and low energy level throughout the day affecting everyday activities. Noise pollution hampers the sleep cycles leading to irritation and an uncomfortable state of mind.
  • Cardiovascular issues: Heart-related problems such as blood pressure level, stress and cardiovascular diseases might come up in a normal person and a person suffering from any of these diseases might feel a sudden shoot up in the level.

Prevention of Noise Pollution

Some noise pollution preventive measures are provided in the points below.

  • Honking in public places like teaching institutes, hospitals, etc. should be banned.
  • In commercial, hospital, and industrial buildings, adequate soundproof systems should be installed.
  • Musical instruments’ sound should be controlled to desirable limits.
  • Dense tree cover is useful in noise pollution prevention.
  • Explosives should not be used in forest, mountainous and mining areas.

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Nice information for learning about noise pollution

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People on a crowded dance floor with lights and a disco ball on the ceiling.

Motorbikes, Nightclubs, Tricked-Out Cars: Is Rhode Island’s Capital Too Loud?

The mayor of Providence wants to install noise cameras and fine violators, but some worry that poor and immigrant neighborhoods will be disproportionately targeted.

Across the country, noise exposure has become a public health concern in recent years. Credit...

Supported by

By Jenna Russell

Photographs and Video by Philip Keith

Reporting from Providence

  • June 23, 2024

On the worst nights, when the thudding bass from a nearby nightclub rattled his windows and drowned out the sound on his TV, the noise in John Heaney’s home in Providence felt more like an intruder than a nuisance.

“It’s a true violation because you can’t stop it,” he said. “It’s like someone has a key to your house, and they can come in whenever they want.”

Driven to activism, Mr. Heaney, a retired software engineer, joined a small group of residents in the Rhode Island capital who have lobbied city officials in recent years to crack down on excessive noise. Their campaign, known as the Providence Noise Project, has won vocal support from Mayor Brett Smiley, a Democrat who took office last year. But it has also raised complicated questions about noise, including what to do when not everyone agrees it’s a problem, and how to fairly enforce limits.

Across the city of 190,000 — which is split by Interstate 95, a major source of noise — there is little consensus on the issue. In each of its compact neighborhoods, sirens wail, motorbikes buzz like angry insects, ice cream trucks shriek singsong melodies, and car stereos scatter staccato beats. Some people wince at the cacophony; others barely notice.

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Similarly, while some see a clear path, driven by data, to change the behaviors that lead to noise complaints, others are wary, anticipating prejudice and racial profiling.

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